October 13 is the two hundred and eighty-sixth day of the year in the Gregorian calendar and the two hundred and eighty-seventh in leap years. There are 79 days remaining until the end of the year.
1652 - Barcelona: The arrival of Joan Josep of Austria in the port of Barcelona put an end to the Siege of the city, ending the War of the Reapers with Hispanic victory.
2010 - Andorra: The government of Andorra approves the Nomenclature of Andorra which sets the "official form of place names in the Principality of Andorra". Rest of the world
1213 - Montenaken, Sint-Truiden: The Battle of Steps between the army of the Duchy of Brabant and the coalition of Liege, Loon and the militias of Liege and Huy.
1917 - Fatima (Portugal): in front of 70,000 witnesses, children Jacinta and Francisco Marto and Lúcia dos Santos say they are talking to the Virgin; the witnesses do not see Mary but the so-called "miracle of the sun."
1972 - A plane crash occurs in the Andes, after 72 isolated days in an alpine climate without food, 16 survivors are rescued. The idea that they survived by feeding on the flesh of dead passengers is gaining strength.
2010 - near Copiapó (Chile): miners trapped in the accident at the San José mine are rescued, after spending 69 days underground, since August 5.
1848 - Sabadell (Vallès Occidental): Eduard Brossa i Trullàs, Catalan cartographer.
1940 - Sabadell (Vallès Occidental): Ramon Barnils i Folguera, Catalan journalist (d. 2001).
1950 - Xàtiva, la Costera: Alfonso Rus Teruel, Valencian politician and businessman, mayor of Xàtiva between 1995 and 2015.
1954 - Granollers, Vallès Oriental: Josep Mayoral i Antigas, Catalan economist and politician, mayor of Granollers since 2004. Rest of the world
1821 - Stockholm, Sweden: Oscar Byström, Swedish composer and conductor.
1878 - Gießen, Germany: Bernhard Schädel, philologist, phonetician and dialectologist who greatly influenced contemporary Catalan philologists.
1909 - Toledo, Ohio, United States: Art Tatum was an American jazz pianist (d. 1956).
1918 - Salt Lake City, Utah, United States: Robert Walker, radio chronicler and American actor.
1920 - Berlin, Germany: Albert Hague (born Albert Marcuse), songwriter and German-American actor (d. 2001).
Monsummano Terme, Tuscany, Italy: Yves Montand, film actor and French music-hall performer of Italian origin (d. 1991).
Gyula, Hungaryː Edith Farkas, Antarctic meteorologist and researcher, leader in ozone control for over 30 years (d. 1993).
1925 - Grantham, England: Margaret Thatcher, English politician, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1979 to 1990 (d. 2013).
1931 - Nœux-les-Mines, France: Raymond Kopaszewski, better known as Raymond Kopa, was a French footballer of Polish descent.
1934 - Chania, Crete, Greece: Nana Mouskouri, Greek activist and singer.
1936 - Vienna, Austria: Christine Nöstlinger, Austrian writer (d. 2018).
1938 - Mantua, Italy: Enzo Dara was an Italian bass player (d. 2017).
1941 - Newark, (New Jersey, the United States): Paul Simon, cantautor and American musician.
1952 - Motilla del Palancar, Province of Cuenca, Spain: José Luis Olivas Martínez, politician and lawyer, 3rd president of the Generalitat Valenciana (2002-2003) and president of Bancaja (2003-).
1977 - Oakland, USA: Paul Pierce, basketball player.
1980 - Julhas Mannan (d. April 25, 2016), Bengali activist and publisher.
1995 - Busan, South Korea: Park Jimin, singer and dancer of the band BTS.
Països Catalans1310 - Barcelona: Blanca de Nàpols, princess of Naples and queen consort of the Crown of Aragon (1295 - 1310) for her marriage to James the Just (b. 1283).
1909 - Barcelona: Francesc Ferrer i Guàrdia, Catalan pedagogue, executed as a scapegoat for the Tragic Week.
1949 - Barcelona: Francesca Bonnemaison. pedagogue and promoter of popular female education; creator of the Popular Women's Library