October 14th


October 20, 2021

October 14 is the two hundred and eighty-seventh day of the year in the Gregorian calendar and the two hundred and eighty-eighth in leap years. There are 78 days remaining until the end of the year.


Països Catalans1915 - Barcelona: a decree of the Mancomunitat de Catalunya creates the School of Librarians for the training of staff for libraries; will start operating on November 22nd. 1917 - Barcelona: The monument to the painter Pepita Texidor is inaugurated in the Parc de la Ciutadella, the first monument that the city dedicated to a woman for her profession. 1957 - Valencia: The Turia overflows, floods the city and causes many casualties (Gran Riuada de Valencia). 2019 - Barcelona: Occupation of Terminal 1 at El Prat Airport organized by the Democratic Tsunami in response to the publication of the verdict of the trial against the leaders of the independence process that same day. Rest of the world1066 - Kingdom of Englandː Battle of Hastings. The Norman conquest of England begins. 1469 - Marriage of Ferdinand of Aragon to Elizabeth of Castile, future Catholic Monarchs. 1670 - Chambord Castle, Kingdom of France: first performance of Le bourgeois gentilhomme by Moliere. 1758 - Hochkirch (Saxony, Germany): The Holy Roman Empire wins the Battle of Hochkirch during Prussia during the Seven Years' War. 1805 - Elchingen (Bavaria, Germany): Troops of the First French Republic win against the Austrians at the Battle of Elchingen as part of the Third Coalition War. 1806: Jena (Thuringia, Germany): The army of the First French Republic obtains a decisive victory in the battle of Jena against the Prussian army in the framework of the war of the Fourth Coalition. Auerstädt (Prussia, now in Thuringia, Germany: the Prussian army is defeated in the Battle of Auerstädt against Napoleon's army in the Fourth Alliance War. 1888 - Roundhay (Leeds): Louis Le Prince shoots the Scene in the Garden of Roundhay, the first surviving feature film (2’’11 ’’). 1947 - Edwards Air Force Base, California: Chuck Yeager breaks the sound barrier for the first time on a Bell X-1. 1964 - Moscow, Soviet Union: The Central Committee of the CPSU removes Nikita Khrushchev from all office. 2020 - jihadists in northern Mozambique attack Tanzania, in the Mtwara region, for the first time, killing 20 civilians and 2 soldiers.


Catalan countries 1853 - Olot (Garrotxa): Marià Vayreda, Catalan writer and painter (d. 1903). 1857 - Sant Feliu del Racó (Vallès Occidental): Enric Clarasó i Daudí, Catalan modernist sculptor (d. 1941). 1873 - Sueca (la Ribera Baixa): Josep Serrano i Simeón, Valencian composer, author of the Hymn of the Exhibition currently the official anthem of the Valencian Country (d. 1941). 1904 - Perpignan: Jean Marcellin Joseph Calixte Gilles, northern Catalan general of the French army. Rest of the world 1770 - Goa, Portuguese India: Rogério de Faria, Portuguese businessman. He was one of the pioneers of the opium trade with China. 1856 - Boulogne-sur-Mer, Vernon Lee, British writer of essay, novel, ghost stories, travel and poetry (d. 1935). 1871 - Vienna: Alexander von Zemlinsky, Austrian composer and conductor (d. 1942). 1882 - New York (USA): Éamonn de Valera, Republican Irish politician (d. 1975). 1888 - Wellington (New Zealand): Katherine Mansfield, New Zealand modernist writer (d. 1923). 1893 - Springfield (Ohio), United States: Lillian Gish, American actress (m. 1993). 1901 - Pennsylvania, United States: Clair Omar Musser, American percussionist (m. 1998). 1911 - Nam Ha, Vietnam: Lê Đửc Thọ, Vietnamese military and politician, Nobel Peace Prize winner in 1973 (renounced) (d. 1990). 1914 - Washington DC (USA): Raymond Davis Jr., American chemist and physicist, Nobel Prize in Physics in 2002. 1906 - Hanover (Germany): Hannah Arendt, politician

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