1918

Article

August 19, 2022

1918 (MCMXVIII) is a normal year of the Gregorian and Julian calendars, starting on a Tuesday and marked by the end of the First World War.

Events

On January 10, the first issue of the Barcelona magazine D'Ací i d'Allà went on sale and Josep Maria de Sagarra's play Rondalla d'esparvers premiered at the Romea Theatre. April 14, Barcelona: The newspaper El Poble Català, in circulation since 1906, ceases to be published. June 24: inauguration of the Popular Library of Valls, first of the network of public libraries of the Commonwealth of Catalonia. Second Catalan University Congress, continuing the spirit of the First Congress, where the creation of Catalan University Studies was agreed. Creation of the Valencian Union. Catalonia; The Commonwealth of Catalonia promotes the campaign in favor of the Statute of Autonomy. Valencian Country: On November 14, 1918, the newspaper "La Correspondencia de Valencia" published the Valencianist Declaration on the front page and in a preferred place. The Declaration was preceded by a three-column article entitled "Valencianismo" Rest of the world During the year: a very serious flu epidemic affects, in some places, 50% of the population and causes enormous mortality. January 1, Hollywood, California, USA): English film actor Charles Chaplin opens his own film studios there. January 8, Washington: President Wilson makes public the Fourteenth Point message that contains the germ of the League of Nations (see Wilson's Fourteen Points). January 24: Bessarabia, formed mostly by the Republic of Moldavia, becomes independent from the Russian Empire. However, two months later it will be annexed back to the Kingdom of Romania. February 2: Russia recognizes the independence of Estonia. March 3, Treaty of Brest-Litovsk was a peace treaty between the Central Powers and Russia, which meant Russia's withdrawal from the First World War. March 4, Fort Riley, Kansas: First detected case of the 1918 influenza epidemic. March 5, Russia: Bolshevik authorities move the country's capital from Petrograd to Moscow. March 27: The Republic of Moldavia is annexed to the Kingdom of Romania, after 2 months of independence from the Russian Empire. May 7, Bucharest, Kingdom of Romania): The Treaty of Bucharest is signed between Romania and the German Empire. May 8, Algiers (France): Battle of Algiers, naval battle during the First World War. May 24, Budapest (Hungary): premiere of Bluebeard's Castle by Béla Bartók, at the Royal Opera House. June, Madrid: founding of the publishing company Editorial Calpe by Nicolás María de Urgoiti. September 28, Lausanne (Switzerland): premiere of Histoire du Soldat by I. Stravinsky. October 28: Independence of Czechoslovakia from the Austro-Hungarian Empire. October 30 Lemnos, Greece): the Armistice of Mudros is signed, between the Ottoman Empire and the Allies of the First World War. Austria: Karl Renner is appointed first Chancellor of Austria of the First Austrian Republic. November 9 - William II of Germany abdicates and the German Republic is proclaimed. November 11 - The First World War ends with the Armistice of Compiègne. December 14, New York - Premiere of Il trittico by Giacomo Puccini at the Metropolitan Opera House. December 20, Madrid - Premiere, at the Teatro de la Comedia, of La venganza de Don Mendo by Pedro Muñoz Seca.

Nobel Prizes

This year only Max Planck and Chemistry were awarded to Fritz Haber.

Births

People born in 1918 will be 104 years old in 2022. January 1 Maçanet de la Selva, la Selva: Manuel Anglada i Ferran, scholar of the Catalan culture of Andorra and the Pyrenees (d. 1998). Sant Julià de Vilatorta (Osona): Camil Pallàs i Arisa, Catalan architect and restaurateur (d. 1982). January 6, Barcelona: Ignasi Mundó i Marcet, Catalan painter (d. 2012). January 18, Calonge,