1921

Article

July 5, 2022

Events

Catalan countries February 15, Palma: The Mallorcan magazine Baleares publishes the Manifesto of the Ultra, signed by Jorge Luís Borges, Joan Alomar, Fortunio Bonanova and Jacob Sureda, which advocates the avant-garde aesthetic current of ultraism. February 27, Barcelona: the Orfeó Català schedules the first audition on the Peninsula of the Passion according to Saint Matthew, by J. S. Bach. March 10, Barcelona: The International Conference on Communications and Traffic begins at the Saló de Cent, organized by the League of Nations. March 12, Vallvidrera: The Vil·la Joana Schools, municipal special education schools, are inaugurated. April 20, Barcelona: The International Conference on Communications and Traffic ends at the Saló de Cent, organized by the League of Nations. May 26, Barcelonaː Establishment of the company Gran Metropolitano de Barcelona SA, to start the construction of a metro line in the city. July 21, Barcelonaː work begins on the Barcelona Metro. August 3, Barcelonaː The Escola del Mar is officially inaugurated on Barceloneta beach. September 29, Alziraː The Grand Theater of Alzira is inaugurated. November 4, Barcelonaː Sarrià joins Barcelona; will constitute, together with Sant Gervasi de Cassoles, the district of Sarrià-Sant Gervasi. Rest of the world February 2, Clonfin, County Longford, Ireland: A squad of Irish Republican Army (IRA) perpetrates Clonfin Ambush, four members of the Auxiliary Division of the Royal Irish Constabulary were killed and 8 wounded. April 1, Santiago de Chile: Adrienne Bolland, French test pilot, first woman to cross the Andes on a plane. July 21: The Rif army, commanded by Abd el-Krim, inflicts a severe defeat on Spanish forces at the Battle of Annual. July 23, Shanghai (China): founding of the Chinese Communist Party. August 25, Berlin, Weimar Republic: signing of the Treaty of Berlin between the United States of America and Germany to end World War I, complementing the agreements of the Treaty of Versailles that had been rejected by the United States Senate . 18 of September - the Republic of the Rif is proclaimed, an ephemeral state (it will last until May of 1926) that supposes the independence of the Spanish Protectorate in Morocco.

Nobel Prize

Births

Països Catalans

January 7, Barcelona, ​​Barcelonès: Felícia Fuster i Viladecans, Catalan poet, painter and translator (d. 2012). January 13, Guayaquilː Montserrat Maspons i Bigas, Catalan cultural promoter (d. 2016). January 25, Llíria: Juan Vicente Mas Quiles, composer and conductor and Valencian band. February 14, Barcelona: Antònia Abante i Vilalta, Catalan poet. February 17, Barcelonaː Paulina Andreu, clown and Catalan equestrian trainer who worked in the circus. February 19, Cairo: Aida Stucki, Swiss violinist and teacher of great international renown (d. 2011). February 28, Paterna: Antoni Ferrandis Monrabal, Valencian actor. April 8, Valencia: Josep Cervera i Grifol, writer and poet April 15, Barcelona: Joan Oncina, Catalan tenor (d. 2009). April 26, Dallas, USA: Jimmy Giuffre, American jazz musician. May 5, Barcelona: Paquita Ferràndiz, Catalan theater actress (d. 1996). June 12, Valencia: Luis García Berlanga, screenwriter and director of Valencian cinema. June 14, Mantua: Uber Gradella, Italian footballer, in the position of goalkeeper. June 23, Madridː Carmelina Sánchez-Cutillas, historian, novelist and Valencian poet (d. 2009). July 5, Valencia: Pere Maria Orts i Bosch, Valencian writer and philanthropist. July 26, Barcelonaː Victòria Pujolar Amat, republican and activist, first voice in Catalan of the clandestine Radio Pirenaica (d. 2017). July 29, Sagunto: Jaume Bru i Vidal, Valencian historian and poet. July 30, Ribes de Freser, Ripollès: Joan Triadú i Font, pedagogue,