1944

Article

August 19, 2022

Events

Catalan countries February 23 to 26: the Grossa Nevada, the most important of the entire 20th century in the Terres de Ponent and Prelitoral of Tarragona, as well as the intense downpours in the eastern half of Catalonia, cause significant overflows in many rivers and streams and extensive damage serious March 31: First concert of the Barcelona Municipal Orchestra, now OBC, conducted by Eduard Toldrà, at the Palau de la Música Catalana. October 8 and 9: invasion of the Aran Valley Rest of the world February 25, Iceland: The Parliament of Iceland decides on the foundation of the Republic of Iceland, formalizing the severing of political ties with the Kingdom of Denmark with which it shared sovereignty under the 1918 Act of Union that recognized Iceland as a sovereign country, part of Denmark. The decision was ratified by the Icelandic people with 99% of favorable votes, and with another overwhelming majority in the referendum approving the constitution (95%). July 22, Bretton Woods, New Hampshire (USA): signing of the Bretton Woods Agreements. Economic agreements that made it possible to draw the main lines of the international financial system after the Second World War. August 1, Poland: at five in the evening, the popular uprising against the Nazi occupation begins there; the fighting, which will last until October 2, will cause the death of 180,000 civilians, the destruction of Warsaw and the deportation of 250,000 of its inhabitants to concentration camps. 2 August, Vallmanya, Conflentː Assault and destruction of the town in the Vallmanya Massacre, during World War II, in retaliation for support for the Maquis and the Resistance. September 29, Yugoslavia: the entry of the Soviet army begins, which will occupy this state during October and displace it from German influence (World War II). October 2, World War II: Third Reich troops crush the Warsaw Uprising. December 16, Ardennes Region (region between Belgium, Luxembourg and France): The Battle of the Ardennes begins. The German Army tries to stop the advance of the allied troops, but it failed. December 18, Franceː The first issue of the newspaper Le Monde appears.

Nobel Prizes

Births

Catalan countries February 22, Puig-reig, Berguedà: Sílvia Alcàntara, Catalan writer. March 8, Barcelona: Mariona Carulla i Font, businesswoman and Catalan cultural promoter. April 1, Ceuta: Coloma Lleal Galceran, philologist, poet and Catalan university professor. June 29, Barcelona: Andreu Mas-Colell, politician, economist and Catalan university professor. July 16, Barcelona: Carme Arnau i Faidella, historian and critic of Catalan literature. July 25, Barcelona: Maria Rosa Ribas i Monné, Catalan composer and pianist. August 1, Barcelona: Carme Solé i Vendrell, Catalan cartoonist and illustrator. August 3, Aielo de Malferit, Vall d'Albaida: Nino Bravo, Valencian melodic singer (d. 1973). August 17, Barcelonaː Margarita Rivière, Catalan independent journalist and essayist, author of thirty books (d. 2015). August 31, Esparreguera, Baix Llobregat: Anna Lizaran i Merlos, Catalan actress. September 1, Alcoi, Alcoià (Valencian Country): Antoni Miró, painter and sculptor. September 9, Barcelona: Àngels Moll i Esquerra, Catalan theater and television actress. November 11, Manises, Horta Oest: José Sancho, Valencian actor. Almenar, Segrià: Enric Bañeres, Catalan sports journalist. Palol de Revardit, Pla de l'Estany: Josep Gifreu i Pinsach, journalist, communicator and university professor. Barcelona: Antoni Casadesús Caralps, interior designer and decorator Dénia: Pedro López Elum, professor Rest of the world January 6, Riehen, Switzerland: Rolf Martin Zinkernagel, Swiss immunologist, 1996 Nobel Prize in Medicine or Physiology. January 17, Paris: Françoise Hardy, French singer and actress. January 25, Gan (France)