August 5


August 19, 2022

August 5 is the two hundred and seventeenth day of the year in the Gregorian calendar and the two hundred and eighteenth in leap years. There are 148 days left until the end of the year.


Catalan countries 1391, Barcelona: Pogrom or assault on the city's Call Major, which would last three days and result in the indiscriminate slaughter of Jewish citizens. 1435, Ponça Island: the naval battle of Ponça takes place there between a Genoese squadron and the Catalan-Aragonese fleet of King Alfonso IV. 1835, Barcelona: Bullanga of 1835. Rest of the world 1793 - Castiglione delle Stiviere (Province of Mantua, Italy): Napoleon's army defeats the Austrians at the Battle of Castiglione during the War of the First Coalition. 1939 - Shooting of the thirteen Red Roses. 1919 - Turkey: Beginning of Kemal Atatürk's insurrection. 1884 – The cornerstone of the Statue of Liberty is laid at the entrance to New York Harbor. 1955 - Wolfsburg, Germany: The millionth car of the "Beetle" model leaves the Volkswagen factory. 1963 - Moscow: signing of the Partial Nuclear Test Ban Treaty, signed shortly after the Cuban Missile Crisis (p It is a set of rules on the prohibition of nuclear weapons tests in the atmosphere and under water . 1970 - Madrid (Spain): the Spanish Courts approve the Law on dangerousness and social rehabilitation, which established prison terms and psychiatric facilities for homosexuals. 2010, Chile: The accident at the San José Mine in 2010 leaves 33 miners trapped at a depth of 700m. 2016, Rio de Janeiro: The Summer Games of the XXXI Olympiad of the modern era begin, the first held in South America.


Catalan countries 1858, Igualada, l'Anoia: Josep Campeny i Santamaria, Catalan sculptor (d. 1922). 1923, Barcelona: Ramon Noè i Hierro, Catalan draftsman and painter (d. 2007). 1924, Barcelona: Lluïsa Granero i Sierra, Catalan sculptor (d. 2012). 1929, Valencia: Andreu Alfaro, sculptor related to the Parpalló Group (d. 2012). 1946, Barcelona: Xavier Trias and Vidal de Llobatera, Catalan politician, mayor of Barcelona between 2011 and 2015. Rest of the world 1827, Alagoas (Brazil): Manuel Deodoro da Fonseca, first president of the Republic of Brazil (d. 1892). 1837 - Saint Petersburg: Anna Filossófova, Russian philanthropist and feminist in the last years of the Tsarist era (d. 1912). 1850, Miromesnil Castle, near Dieppe (France): Guy de Maupassant, writer. 1862, Leicester, (United Kingdom): Joseph Merrick, known as The Elephant Man (d. 1890). 1868, Helsinki (Finland, then Russian Empire): Oskar Merikanto, Finnish composer (d. 1924). 1887, Wheathampstead, Hertfordshire, Great Britain: Reginald Owen, British screenwriter, writer and actor. 1906: Saint Petersburg (Russia): Wassily Leontief, economist awarded with the Nobel Prize in Economics in 1973 (d. 1999). Nevada, Missouri: John Huston, American screenwriter, film director and actor who won an Oscar for Best Director for The Treasure of the Sierra Madre (d. 1987). 1908, Stanmore (Australia): Harold Holt, Australian politician and the 17th Prime Minister of Australia (d. 1967). 1919, Leiden (Netherlands): Maria Beij or Mary Servaes-Bey, Dutch singer known as Zangeres zonder Naam. 1926, Paris, France: Betsy Jolas, French composer. 1930, Wapakoneta, Ohio (United States): Neil Alden Armstrong, astronaut, test pilot, aeronautical engineer, university professor and US naval aviator. He was the first person to set foot on the Moon (d. 2012). 1943, Tampere, Finland: Leo Kinnunen, was a Finnish racing driver who went on to compete in Formula 1 races. 1945, Saint Paul, Minnesota: Loni Anderson is an American film and television actress 1962, Girl, province of A Coruña: Ana Romaní, Galician writer and journalist. Kingston, Jamaica: Patrick Ewing, known as Pat Ewing, former American basketball player. 1968, Neuilly-sur-Seine (France):