Dario Fo (Italian pronunciation: [ˈdaːrjo ˈfɔ]; Sangiano, Italy, March 24, 1926 - Milan, October 13, 2016) was an Italian playwright, theater director and actor who was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1997. because, following the tradition of medieval buffoons, it maintains the dignity of the oppressed.
He was born on March 24, 1926 in the town of Sangiano, a town located in the province of Varese, in Lombardy. In 1940, he moved to the city of Milan, where he studied architecture at the Academy of Fine Arts in that city. During World War II, he was forced to stop his studies and develop support for the anti-fascist resistance, as well as the Allies, and had to help his father escape to Switzerland. At the end of the war, he continued his studies and gradually became interested in theater. In 1950, at the age of 24, he began acting. In 1954 he married Franca Rame and in 1955 they were the parents of Jacopo Fo. In November 2014, he signed the manifesto "Let the Catalans vote", along with other international personalities. He died in Milan at the age of 90, after being admitted for respiratory problems.
Radio, television and cinema
Since 1950, he has cultivated satire in radio and television programs for Italian Radio and Television (RAI). Later, he moved to Rome to work as a screenwriter in various film productions, especially the producer Dino De Laurentiis.
In the 1950s, he formed a theater group with Franco Parenti and Giustino Durano, co-authors and actors of Il dito nell'occhio and Sani da legare, presented at the Teatro Piccolo in Milan, in which they criticized the interests of the powerful through satire. Censorship forced the group to disband and Fo continued to write alone. In 1959, with his wife, the actress Franca Rame, they created the Compagnia Dario Fo-Franca Rame, which operated until 1968. In 1968, due to of the fact that their satires suffered during their broadcast on the television program Canzonissima abundant censorship, they decided to return to the theater, and form the company Nuova Scena, a theater cooperative associated with the Italian Communist Party that operated in factories and workers' clubs . In 1969, he created the new theater group called Il Collettivo Teatrale La Comune, based in Milan.
His play uses resources and clichés from the Commedia dell'arte to make political and social criticism. He uses the trappings, mockery and other comic and satirical methods of Italian popular theater of a lifetime, coating him with a particular comic subtlety. Often present is the classic character of the "madman", who also used Shakespeare to, shielded in his madness, be able to express the truths that he believes could not be told otherwise.
In a 1990 interview, Fo explains that he considers it necessary to do politics in theater and that, for him, all the great theater that has come down to the present day, including Greek theater, Shakespeare and Molière, always contains a discourse. political and social, and takes sides. His most presented play, Accidental Death of an Anarchist, is listed as a classic example of explicitly political theater. Of left-wing ideology, his stance has been to "maintain the dignity of the oppressed," for which he has been awarded the Nobel Prize. From 1969 to 1974, with the company La Comune, he had a particularly active cycle of political militancy, in response to the political circumstances that his country was suffering at the time. Of this time, they emphasize accidental Death of an anarchist (1970), that saw more than a million people, and Pum, Pum! Who is? The police! (1972), on the "reserved affairs" offices of the Ministry of the Interior.