Catalonia's National Day
The National Day of Catalonia or September 11th Day is the national holiday of Catalonia and is commemorated annually by remembering the last defense of Barcelona on September 11, 1714 by the last Vigatanists who defended the Habsburg monarch from the house of 'Austria that respected a decentralized model and promised to defend local institutions against the forces that supported the Bourbon monarchy and a centralized state model.
National Day of Catalonia
The first law promulgated by the reconstituted Parliament of Catalonia in 1980 institutionally declared 9/11 as the national holiday of Catalonia:
In 2006, the Statute of Autonomy legally enacted that the flag of Catalonia, the anthem Els segadors, and the Day of the Eleventh of September, were the national symbols of Catalonia:
The War of the Spanish Succession and the establishment of Bourbon Absolutism
On September 11, 1714, the last defense of Barcelona took place after 14 months of siege against the Duke of Berwick during the War of the Spanish Succession in which the Bourbons (Philip V) and the Austrians (with Archduke Charles) to fight by all Europe by the crown of Spain, where it acquired character of civil war, since those in favor of both candidates were distributed by all the territory, concentrating the filipistas in the part of the Crown of Castile (Castile, Andalusia and the northwest of the peninsula), and the Austrianists in the Crown of Aragon (Kingdom of Aragon, Principality of Catalonia, Kingdom of Valencia and Kingdom of Mallorca). With the victory of Philip V, a uniform political system was implemented in almost all its domains, which from that moment included, in addition to the Crown of Castile, that of Aragon. The privileges of nobility, the local courts and the institutions of self-government previously respected by the House of Austria were repealed in all the kingdoms declared Austrian (Menorca, then under English rule, temporarily escaped). For this reason, September 11 also commemorates the consequent abolition of Catalan institutions and civil liberties.
Vindication of the constitutional model abolished in 1714
The first claim of the extinct states of the Crown of Aragon denouncing the absolutist regime resulting from the New Plant was the memorial of grievances called Representación (1760); the document contained a denunciation by various critics of Bourbon politics, especially the monopoly of power by the Council of Castile and the Castilians in the Crown of Aragon, and the impossibility of its subjects to access the offices of Castile. For this reason, they defended and extolled the positive aspects of the pre-New Plant system and its justice, and demanded equal representation between the kingdoms, against discrimination by the Crown of Aragon. The Decrees of Nova Planta that implanted absolutism in the Spanish monarchy were repealed, in an ephemeral way, with the Spanish Constitution of 1812 (1812-1814); during the constituent sessions the Catalan delegate Antoni de Capmany evoked the following words:
The New Plant Decrees were finally abolished when the Old Absolutist regime collapsed and the Bourbon Absolute Monarchy came to an end in 1833, a century after its imposition by arms, and the Constitutional Kingdom of Spain. However, the establishment of a liberal state did not mean the recovery of the constitutional system of the other states of the Crown of Aragon, but enshrined the constitutional Kingdom of Spain as a single, uniform political regime. centralized - with the exception of the territories with historical rights and the leasehold regime - which was the direct inheritance of the former Bourbon Absolutist Monarchy, and which recognizes only one nation, the Spanish Nation. The repeal of the decrees of Nova Planta and the absolutist regime fo