Dmitri Muratov (Russian: Дмитрий Андреевич Муратов) (Samara, October 30, 1961), full name with patronymic Dmitri Andreyevich Muratov, is a Russian journalist, and current editor-in-chief of the Russian newspaper Novaya Gazeta. He was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 2021, along with Maria Ressa, "for his efforts to protect freedom of expression, which is a prerequisite for lasting democracy and peace." He is the third Russian, after human rights activist Andrei Sakharov and Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev, to be awarded the prize. Muratov co-founded the pro-democracy newspaper Novaya Gazeta in 1993 with several other journalists. He was its editor-in-chief from 1995 to 2017 and took office again in 2019. Nóvaia Gazeta is known for its reports on sensitive issues, such as government corruption and human rights violations. As editor-in-chief , published articles by Anna Politkovskaya scrutinizing Putin's regime. Muratov helped create "the only truly critical newspaper with national influence in present-day Russia," according to the Committee for the Protection of Journalists. His newspaper has also influenced the turbulent situation in Chechnya and the North Caucasus in general.
Early years and education
Dmitri Muratov was born on October 30, 1961 in Kuibyshev, now called Samara. He studied for five years at the Faculty of Philology of Kuibyshev State University, where he discovered his interest in journalism. While in college, he made contact with local newspapers and took a part-time job as a journalist.
After attending Kuibyshev State University, he served in the Soviet army from 1983 to 1985. Muratov mentioned the essence of his activities in the army, and defined himself as an expert responsible for classification. of equipment.
Starts as a journalist
In 1987, Muratov began working as a correspondent for the newspaper Voljsky Komsomolets. His superiors were so impressed that at the end of his first year he was appointed head of the Komsomolskaya Pravda Youth Department and was later promoted to editor of news articles. Muratov folded from Komsomolskaya Pravda in 1988.
In 1993, Muratov and about 50 other colleagues from the Komsomolskaya Pravda left to start their own newspaper, entitled "Novaya Gazeta". His goal was to create a publication "honest, independent and rich" source for the citizens of Russia. The newspaper’s mission is to conduct in-depth investigations into human rights issues, corruption and abuse of power. The writing of Nóvaia Gazeta began with two computers, two rooms, a printer and no salary for employees. Former Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev generously donated some of the money received for the Nobel Peace Prize to pay salaries and computers for the newspaper. Muratov helped create "Novaia Gazeta", where he was appointed deputy editor of the press. In December 1994-January 1995, Muratov was a correspondent in the war zone of the First Chechen War. head of the editorial board. In November 2017, he resigned voluntarily, after more than 20 years at the helm of the newspaper. His absence, however, was brief, as he resumed his post in 2019, after the newspaper's workers voted for his return.Novaya Gazeta is known as one of the "only truly critical newspapers with national influence in Russia at present" by the Committee for the Protection of Journalists. Muratov used to report on sensitive issues such as human rights violations, high-level government corruption and abuse of power. His political beliefs, such as support for press freedom, have provoked conflicts with another