Dramaturgy

Article

October 20, 2021

Dramaturgy in the performing arts is the general theory of the sciences of the spectacle and at the same time the creation of a dramatic spectacle. Dramaturgy composes, structures, organizes, and studies the mechanisms of communication between the stage (the performers, the set design, and the staging in general) and the audience in a show; inscribed in a certain culture and historical temporality. In other words, it is the study of the production of the meaning and manipulation of the theatrical signs of a play, of an author, of a director, of a theater group, a genre, an epoch, and so on. The dramaturgy of a show includes two phases, one of analysis and another of creation. Theater critics only activate the first while creators - performers, technicians, directors, writers and translators - activate both. A playwright or playwright is an author of plays. The authorship of a play can be individual or collective, by well-known authors or anonymous. Theatrical performance is an art of acting and not writing, theatrical text can last over time but theater is ephemeral and instantaneous.

History of literature

The earliest writers of dramatic texts in Western literature are the Greeks, such as Aeschylus (The Orestiad, The Seven Against Thebes), Sophocles (Antigone, Oedipus the King), Euripides (Electra, Medea, Iphigenia in Aulis). ) and Aristophanes (Plutus, Lysistrata, The Frogs, The Knights, The Clouds, The Birds, Peace).

Innovations and changes in dramaturgy

With Sophocles, numerous contributions to dramatic technique were introduced. The two important contributions were the introduction of a third actor to the scene, which significantly complicated the plot and enhanced the contrast between the different characters, and the break with the fashion of the trilogies, already previously imposed by Aeschylus, who it turns each play into an independent dramatic and psychological unit, and not a part of a central myth or theme.

Evolution of contemporary drama

During the seventeenth century they highlighted: Calderón de la Barca (Life is a dream, The mayor of Zalamea, The elf lady) Francesc Fontanella (Tragicomedy of Love, Firmness and Porphyry, Disappointment) Ben Jonson (Volpone, The Alchemist, The Magnetic Lady) Lope de Vega (Fuenteovejuna, El caballero de Olmedo, La dama boba) Christopher Marlowe (Dido, Queen of Carthage, The Jew of Malta, The Tragical History of Doctor Faustus, The Massacre at Paris) Molière (The Imaginary Sick, Don Juan or the Stone Feast, Le bourgeois gentilhomme, The Misanthrope, The Doctor by Force, The Miser) Tirso de Molina (The mocker of Seville and guest of stone, Don Gil of the green stockings, the Lovers of Teruel) William Shakespeare (Hamlet, Romeo and Juliet, The Tamed Wilderness, The Dream of a Summer Night, The Storm, Julius Caesar, King Lear, Othello) During the eighteenth century were: Goethe (Faust, Iphigenia in Taurida) Carlo Goldoni (The innkeeper, The summering, The servant of two owners) Joan Ramis (Lucrècia, Arminda, Rosaura) During the nineteenth century they highlighted: Gabriele d'Annunzio (Francesca da Rimini, The daughter of Jorio) Àngel Guimerà (Lowland, Sea and sky, Maria Rosa, Gala Placídia, the daughter of the sea, the dead soul, the waiting room, the crazy person, King and monk, Judith de Welp) Ignasi Iglésias (The eternal mother, the extinguished home) Narcís Oller (Amateur theater, Love quarrels) Luigi Pirandello (So it is (if you like), Six characters in search of an author) Santiago Rusiñol (The auca of Mr. Esteve, The joy that passes) Serafí Pitarra (The vicar of Olot, The king or nothing) Frederic Pujulà i Vallès (The genius, The madman, Inside the cage, The voice of the people, The people of the voice) Anton Chekhov (The Seagull, Uncle Vania, The Three Sisters, The Cherry Orchard) Emili Vilanova (Colometa the gypsy, Who ... buys strawberries!) Jose Zorrilla (Don Juan Tenorio) During century XX they emphasized: Samuel Be

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