July 5, 2022
In politics, the left is, without particular precision, the set of political tendencies typically associated with any kind of socialism or social democracy as opposed to the political right and economic liberalism. This meaning is due to the fact that, in the Constituent Assembly that was formed in France after the French Revolution, the most radical constituents, the Jacobins, who advocated the transformation of the constitutional monarchy into a republic, occupied the left wing of the legislative chamber. The terms right and left, used in parliamentary practice, would come to be considered primary categories of political identity in the early twentieth century. In the West and in particular in those countries where the political system can be considered a liberal democracy, usually both the left and the right are liberal and democratic versions, and do not advocate any alternative political system. Within the left, there is a broad political spectrum ranging from the moderate left to the far left. Communism and anarchism are considered radical forms of the political left, although technically the latter would not be included in the political spectrum, as it is not governed by a representative political system to carry out its projects. The left is also associated with unions and demonstrations, although these are not exclusive to the left. Social movements such as alterglobalization, environmentalism, feminism, squatters, pacifism and punks are also considered left-wing. The concepts of left and right, however, are relative to the country and the political situation of the country itself and the world.