Valencian government

Article

July 6, 2022

The Generalitat Valenciana is the set of self-government institutions of the Valencian Country. The Valencian Parliament, the President and the Council are part of it.

Location

It has its official headquarters in the Palau de la Generalitat in the city of Valencia, where the presidency is located, but its institutions can meet anywhere in Valencia. The Valencian Parliament has its headquarters in the Palau de Benicarló or dels Borja, also in the city of Valencia.

History

In the Kingdom of Valencia, the antecedent of the Generalitat was the commissions appointed by the Courts of the Kingdom in the years 1329 and 1342-1343 to collect the donation, an extraordinary tax approved in them. Once the mission was completed, these commissions were dissolved. In the Cortes of 1362-1362 the tax of the generalities was approved whose denomination comes from the imposition of the same to everybody and all the Valencian territory. For the administration of the new tax, a substitute for the donation, the Cortes appointed a commission in charge. For that reason some historians place in this date, 1362-1364, the birth of the Delegation of the General although its administrative structure will not be fixed until 1404. Finally it would be in Cortes of the year 1418 when the Generalitat like organ was created permanent, with a term of office of three years, and a purely tax collection function. The courts of 1510 reorganized the appointment of the positions of the Generalitat, in a more automatic and less elective sense. This reorganization meant the weakening of the institution due to the counterpower formed by the different estates: nobility; the urban classes that governed the cities; and the clergy. This division of the representation of the Kingdom of Valencia, contrary to what happened in the Kingdom of Aragon or the Principality of Catalonia, led to the decline of the kingdom, as it did not have a unitary voice before the Crown. Not having a strong voice, every economic demand was met by the kingdom, unlike what happened in other territories, where uprisings in arms against kings were not uncommon. In addition, the same division of power between the Generalitat, nobility, urban patrician and church, led to the last three being institutionalized in isolation to provide services, build defensive infrastructure, etc., consolidating their respective territories within the Kingdom of Valencia and competing, therefore, with the Generalitat. Arrived at this situation, the Delegation of the General, already only collected taxes that yielded to these institutions born from the estates; therefore, it could not represent the Kingdom of Valencia, which was cut short and its total extinction was regretted in 1709, as a result of the War of the Spanish Succession and the consequent repeal of the Fueros by means of the Decrees of Nova Planta. was established in 1982, after the approval of the corresponding Statute of Autonomy, and took the name of the old foral institution, but of totally modern creation and different from the medieval homonym, analogous to the creation of other autonomous governments and heiress of the Preautonomic Council of the Valencian Country. In 2006, with the reform of the Statute of Autonomy of the Valencian Community, the gentilicio of the official name of the institution according to the popular use within the Valencian territory of this one like Generalitat is eliminated. However, both in the official logo and in the external mentions of the media, it is still known as the Generalitat Valenciana in order to distinguish it from the Generalitat de Catalunya.

Institutions of the Generalitat

Executive power

The Council represents the executive branch. It is made up of a President, who is the President of the Generalitat Valenciana, one or more Vice-Presidents, if applicable, and the Councilors.

Legislative Power

The Valencian Parliament is the legislative body of the Generalitat Valenci