Granada

Article

October 20, 2021

Granada is a municipality and a Spanish city, capital of the homonymous province, in the autonomous community of Andalusia. It is located in the center of the region of La Vega de Granada, at an altitude of 738 meters above sea level, in a wide intrabetical depression formed by the river Genil, and at the foot of the highest massif in the Iberian Peninsula, Sierra Nevada, which conditions its climate . There are the headquarters of the judicial party number 3 of the province; the archdiocese that bears his name; the Superior Court of Justice of Andalusia, Ceuta and Melilla and the Advisory Council of Andalusia. In 2009, it was inhabited by 234,325 people, and 498,365 counting the metropolitan area. Neighborhoods are very different from each other, in part because of continuous immigration until the 1990s; the most important are the Zaidín, the Albaicín, the Sacromonte, the Realejo, the Chana, the Almanjáyar and the Cartuja. It was the capital of the Zirida Kingdom of Granada during the 11th century, and of the Nasrid Kingdom of Granada between the 13th and 8th centuries. After the capture of the city by the Catholic monarchs, it remained the capital of the Castilian Kingdom of Granada, already a simple territorial jurisdiction, until 1833. In the municipal coat of arms it bears the titles of «very noble, very loyal, named, great, famous and heroic city of Granada ”. Granada is a tourist destination, due to its monuments and the proximity of its professional ski resort, the historic area known as Alpujarras and the part of the coast of Granada known as the Tropical Coast. Among its historic buildings, the Alhambra is one of the most important in the country, declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1984, along with the Jardín del Generalife and the Albaicín. Its cathedral is considered the first Renaissance church in Spain. The University of Granada is the fourth statewide by number of students and is one of the most popular destinations for European university students in the Erasmus program. works from the Health Sciences Technology Park that will focus on medical research. The necessary infrastructure is also being built for the rail connection with high-speed trains (AVE), which was connected for the first time with the Antequera-Granada line. Its airport, located 12 km from the city center, has recently been remodeled.

Toponymy

In the days of the Iberian culture, the name of the city was Iliberis or Iliberri, common name between the Iberian populations that in present Basque is (H) Iri Berri ("Vila Nova"). In the 11th century, the Ziri moved the capital from Medina Elvira ('city of Elvira') to Medina Garnata. L'etimologia del topònim és discutida i podria provenir tant de l'àrab (gar-anat, 'turó de pelegrins') com del llatí (granatum, magraner en català o granado en castellà).

Symbols

The symbols corresponding to the municipality of Granada are made official in the Resolution of 10 February 2009 of the General Direction of Local Administration, by which admits the registration in the Andalusian Register of Local Entities of the shield and the flag of the municipality of Granada (exp. no. 003/2009 / Sim, sheet number 36 23 February 2009). ShieldThe shield was awarded by the Catholic monarchs shortly after the capture of the city. It used to consist of two barracks representing the Catholic Monarchs and the Pomegranate (in Spanish granada), but in 1843 Queen Elizabeth II added a third with the tower of the Alhambra Candle, added to a national flag, along with its new titles, represented on the gold ribbon surrounding it. With this, he wanted to reward the attitude of the people of Granada in the uprising in their favor and against the regent. In the local document the shield is defined as follows: However, in 1994, in the work of David Torres Ibáñez The Heraldry of the Provincial Council of Granada. Studies, background and proposals, cited

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