October 20, 2021
Granada is a municipality and a Spanish city, capital of the homonymous province, in the autonomous community of Andalusia. It is located in the center of the region of La Vega de Granada, at an altitude of 738 meters above sea level, in a wide intrabetical depression formed by the river Genil, and at the foot of the highest massif in the Iberian Peninsula, Sierra Nevada, which conditions its climate . There are the headquarters of the judicial party number 3 of the province; the archdiocese that bears his name; the Superior Court of Justice of Andalusia, Ceuta and Melilla and the Advisory Council of Andalusia. In 2009, it was inhabited by 234,325 people, and 498,365 counting the metropolitan area. Neighborhoods are very different from each other, in part because of continuous immigration until the 1990s; the most important are the Zaidín, the Albaicín, the Sacromonte, the Realejo, the Chana, the Almanjáyar and the Cartuja. It was the capital of the Zirida Kingdom of Granada during the 11th century, and of the Nasrid Kingdom of Granada between the 13th and 8th centuries. After the capture of the city by the Catholic monarchs, it remained the capital of the Castilian Kingdom of Granada, already a simple territorial jurisdiction, until 1833. In the municipal coat of arms it bears the titles of «very noble, very loyal, named, great, famous and heroic city of Granada ”. Granada is a tourist destination, due to its monuments and the proximity of its professional ski resort, the historic area known as Alpujarras and the part of the coast of Granada known as the Tropical Coast. Among its historic buildings, the Alhambra is one of the most important in the country, declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1984, along with the Jardín del Generalife and the Albaicín. Its cathedral is considered the first Renaissance church in Spain. The University of Granada is the fourth statewide by number of students and is one of the most popular destinations for European university students in the Erasmus program. works from the Health Sciences Technology Park that will focus on medical research. The necessary infrastructure is also being built for the rail connection with high-speed trains (AVE), which was connected for the first time with the Antequera-Granada line. Its airport, located 12 km from the city center, has recently been remodeled.