Malaga (Málaga in Spanish and officially) is a city of Andalusia located in the North border of the sea of Alborán, to the south of the Iberian Peninsula and to little more than 100 km to the east of the Straits of Gibraltar. It is the capital of the homonymous province.
Its municipal territory occupies an extension of 395 km² that extend on Mountains of Malaga and the Valley of the Guadalhorce. The city is located in the center of a bay surrounded by mountain systems. Two rivers, the Guadalmedina ("river of the city" in Arabic) and the Guadalhorce, cross it flowing into the Mediterranean.
With 569,130 inhabitants according to the 2015 census, Malaga is the sixth largest city in Spain by population and the second in Andalusia. In addition, it is the most densely populated urban area of the conurbation formed by the set of localities that are located along 160 km of the Costa del Sol and the center of a metropolitan area that exceeds its municipal boundaries covering another 12 municipalities that founded by the Phoenicians in the seventh century BC, Malaga was a Confederate city of the Roman Empire and a prosperous Andalusian medina, which declined after its incorporation into the Crown of Castile in 1487. During the nineteenth century the city experienced a remarkable industrial and revolutionary activity that placed it as the first industrial city in Spain and earned it the title of the first in the danger of freedom. Scene of one of the bloodiest episodes of the Spanish Civil War and protagonist of the explosion of the tourist boom of the 60s and 70s, Málaga is currently a remarkable economic and cultural center in the region and an important communications hub thanks at its port and airport (third on the peninsula, after Barajas and El Prat)
Malaga was a candidate for European Capital of Culture in 2016.
Although the Phoenician word for salt is often indicated as etymology (* cf. Hebrew מלח * mélaḥ, Arabic ملح milḥ), the different consonantism makes this theory unlikely. Problems of the same order detract from the credibility of the tempting explanation from the verb * lq-ḥ "grab, grab, twist" with the locative preformant * m- and with a meaning "place where (the metal) is twisted" (* malqaḥ or similar), indicating the presence of some foundry. Extralinguistically, this theory is supported by the frequent appearance of tongs engraved on the coins minted in Málaga.
Linguistically a theory that can be sustained without great problems is the one that aims at a form of the Semitic root * mlk "to reign, king, to have dominion", perhaps indicative of the presence in Malagan ground of a temple dedicated to some goddess, probably Astarte (whom she calls "queen of heaven" in Semitic mythology). If we consider that the founders of Malacca come from the powerful Phoenician city of Tire and that in this city the supreme god was Melqart * mlk-q (king + city) and that in most of the opposing coins of the mint of Malacca a temple appears on the reverse and the image of a god on the obverse, it is not unreasonable to deduce that this temple and the name of the city were dedicated to this supreme god. In ancient Catalan we find Màlega (Tirant lo Blanch) which is the form currently used by the Valencian sailors of Vila Joiosa. Other even older variants are Máleca (Desclot, Lleuda de Tortosa, EpistValMed, 1406) and Málica (Diccionari Aguiló, 1372).
The climate of Málaga is subtropical-Mediterranean. The annual average temperature is of 18 ° C, being its maximum average of 25.4 ° C in August and the average minimum of 11.9 ° C in January. The mildness dominates the winter climate, being practically non-existent the frosts, although these have occurred until the sixties and seventies of the last century 20. The summers are hot, usually humid except when the "terral" blows, dry wind of the 'interior that shoots the