New Zealand

Article

July 5, 2022

New Zealand (New Land of the Sea, in reference to the Dutch province; Aotearoa in Maori, long white cloud) is located about 2,000 kilometers southeast of Australia. It is a set of islands located along the South Pacific having a slightly larger extent than the United Kingdom. The country is made up of nine islands, with the North Island and the South Island being the most extensive and important. Both islands are only 32 kilometers away. On the south island are the New Zealand Alps, as well as volcanoes, some of which are still active, glaciers, lakes created by volcanic eruptions, hot springs, fjords, thousands of square kilometers of forests, coral coasts and its countless rivers. All this makes New Zealand a country with an incomparable natural attraction, offering very diverse natural areas.

Geography

New Zealand is a long, narrow country of steep terrain consisting of the North Island and the South Island (plus a group of islands). It covers an area of ​​166,940 km²) and 1,600 kilometers in length. It has a slightly longer length than the United Kingdom. New Zealand is located in the South Pacific, approximately 10,400 km southwest of South America and 2,250 km east of Australia. The North Island with its golden beaches, ancestral Kauris forests, volcanoes, hot springs, and large cities (among which is Wellington, the capital), is the more populous island of the two. The South Island with its snow-capped, glacial mountains, lush primary forests, fjords, is the larger of the two, proudly called "the mainland" by its inhabitants (although the inhabitants of the North Island disagree with this). The small Stewart Island (1,750 square kilometers) is a pristine place, with its forests full of endogenous birds and its paradisiacal beaches, in the southernmost part of the country, which is one of the most prone to Antarctica to which 'man has never arrived. Within the territorial jurisdiction of New Zealand are also included a group of islands such as the Chatham Islands, Kermadec Islands, Campbell Island, Auckland Islands, Antipodes Islands, The Snares, Solander Islands and the Bounty Islands. Surrounded by the South Pacific Ocean to the east and the Tasman Sea to the west, New Zealand appears as a dot on the globe, despite being 1,600 Kilometers long, similar in size to the British Isles or Japan. The territory of New Zealand consists of a main archipelago with two large islands and several islands on its shores, other smaller archipelagos and remote islands, and autonomous territories. The main archipelago comprises the northern and southern islands, separated by the Cook Strait. North Island (North Island, "Ika Tea in Maui" in Maori, the fish of Maui). It is the most populous island with the capital Wellington and the largest city, Auckland. Portland, Hawke's Bay. White, in the Bay of Abundance, called White because it was always surrounded by a white cloud. It's actually a volcano. Alderman, a group of islets on the Coromandel Peninsula. Mercury, group of islands in Mercury Bay. Great Barrier, an inhabited island that forms a natural barrier at the entrance to the Gulf of Harauki. Hen and Chickens, a group of islands north of Auckland. Three Kings, are three islands in front of the North Cape and its name refers to the Three Wise Men of the East. Kapiti, on the west coast, is a bird nature reserve. Bay of Islands, is a bay with 144 islands, declared a maritime and historical park, where the first colony was founded. South Island (South Island, "Te Wai Pounamu" in Maori, land of green jade). It is the largest island, with the snow-capped mountains of the Southern Alps, glaciers, fjords and lush forests. Stewart, is the third largest island in the south of the South Island. Chatham Islands, an archipelago 800 km east of the South Island. Inhabited by the Moriori, a people of uncertain cultural origin