August 19, 2022

A journalist is a person who is professionally engaged in journalism. Their job is to gather and disseminate information about current events, people, trends and issues. There can be many types of journalism: scientific journalism, digital journalism, salmon press, photojournalism, etc. The facts that a journalist brings to the public are significant in areas such as politics, the economy or culture. This gives a power to journalists (for this reason the profession is often described as the fourth power, in allusion to the three constitutional powers) in the process of forming public opinion and in the influence that the revelation of these facts can have in the postures of this audience. With the digital revolution, three ways of doing journalism emerged: traditional journalism, participatory journalism (seen in the so-called Web 2.0, where citizens generate their own distribution channels, such as, for example, the blog), and journalism citizen, which is used by traditional media that ask citizens to share with the media news that occurs in their environment with audio reports, photos or videos.


At the beginning of the 19th century, a journalist was someone who wrote in publications, but in the last century it has come to mean a writer for newspapers and magazines as well. Many people think of journalists as interchangeable with the reporter, being a person who gathers information and creates written reports or stories. However, seeing it from this point of view is very limited, as there are many other types of journalists, including columnists, editors, photographers, editorial designers, and sub-editors (British) or copy-editors (US). Another important difference is that designers, writers and art directors who work exclusively in advertising are not considered journalists, since the material and content is determined by the person buying the ad. Regardless of the medium, the term journalist carries a connotation or expectation of professionalism in reporting, with consideration for truth, impartiality, balance, decency and ethics, although standards can vary widely between publications. . Many mass-market newspapers make no pretense at impartiality, although in countries such as the UK they generally adhere to a voluntary code of conduct, with aims such as maintaining truthfulness. Some editors claim that bias and prejudice is impossible to avoid, and that it is more honest to assume an editorial opinion by ensuring that this material is objectively correct.

Some types of journalists

Environmental journalist

It deals with issues that relate to man and his natural environment. It includes information related to agriculture, livestock, weather, to social, economic, political aspects, what has to do with the environment. Ecological research and dissemination to preserve the planet.


It is that the main medium for research, elaboration and, above all, the dissemination of information is cyberspace, with the Internet as the main exponent. Its function is to make complex information simplified and understandable by equipping it with hyperlinks and multimedia resources for the best understanding of the user.

Scientific journalist

It is one that fulfills a systematic and professional relationship between scientific knowledge and society, its main goal is to make science into knowledge for the general public with an informative and didactic character.

Cultural journalist

It is the one responsible for the dissemination of events and the cultural expressions of a society through the mass media. In turn pr