Ricard Bofill i Leví

Article

January 23, 2022

Ricard Bofill i Leví (Barcelona, ​​5 December 1939 - 14 January 2022) was a Catalan architect and urban planner of world renown. He was one of the main promoters of Catalan architecture in the second half of the twentieth century and is considered one of the greatest representatives of the postmodern style of contemporary architecture.

Biography

The son of Maria Levi and Emili Bofill i Benessat, he was born in Barcelona and studied at the Virtèlia School. Before dedicating himself exclusively to architecture, he was a prominent member of the Barcelona School’s film renewal movement. He participated in Vicente Aranda's first film, Brillante porvenir, and, as a director, in the short Circles (1966). He later directed Esquizo (1970), which he presented as a “film essay” around the border between creativity and madness and which signed the Architecture Workshop founded by him. Trained at the Barcelona School of Architecture, d 'where he was expelled in 1957 for his political activities (he was a member of the PSUC). He then left for Switzerland and continued his studies at the University of Geneva. In 1961 he founded the Taller d'Arquitectura, with a team of architects, designers and intellectuals, such as the writer J.A. Goytisolo and the philosopher Xavier Rubert de Ventós, who influenced the renovation of architecture and town planning in the 1960s. With this team of professionals, Bofill tackled projects of a different nature in various parts of the world, adapting them to local cultural realities. His first projects combine an originality that is not without effect with the expressionist assessment of the constructive and serial elements, aspects that he later incorporated into a conception based on classicism. His first architectural works include El Xanadú (Calpe, 1968), El Castell (Sitges, 1969) and the Red Wall (Calpe, 1972-74). The Barrio Gaudí (Reus, 1969-70) and the project of the city in space (Madrid, 1969) constitute a first attempt to revise the rationalist concept of the block of flats, an attempt that was later updated. of the greatest representatives of the postmodern style of contemporary architecture. In his designs he maintains the clear lines of modern style, but abandons the cold forms that characterize other modern trends. This is achieved by incorporating classic elements into its buildings, such as arches or columns, which are familiar and understandable to the observer. Bofill is the author of an extensive theoretical work, and his books include Space and Life, The Architect's City and The City's Drawing.

Acknowledgments

Bofill received numerous awards and recognitions: in 1963 he received the FAD Design Award and in 1964 the ADI-FAD Architecture Award. In 1980 he received the Ciutat de Barcelona award for the conversion of a cement factory into an architectural studio. In 1985 he was elected an honorary member of the American Institute of Architects. In 1993 he received the Creu de Sant Jordi awarded by the Generalitat de Catalunya. He is an Honorary Doctor of the University of Metz, France (1995), an honorary member of the American Institute of Architects (AIA) (1985), an Officer of the Order of Arts or Letters (Ministry of Culture, France, 1988). ) and Doctor Honoris Causa from the Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya, Barcelona (2021). He was a member of the jury for the Catalonia International Prize.

Representative works

Gallery

References

External links

Ricard Bofill i Leví - Official website

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