Sant Carles de la Ràpita
Sant Carles de la Ràpita, also known as La Ràpita dels Alfacs or simply La Ràpita, is a municipality in Catalonia located in the Montsià region.
The human presence in the municipality of Sant Carles de la Ràpita dates back to the Paleolithic, a fact documented by a rock painting depicting a black ox in a vertical position found in the Tendo cave. This painting is the oldest in Catalonia, and is no longer preserved.
The Iberians inhabited the area, to which the creation of the Iberian city called Ibera is attributed, which is believed to be Amposta or La Ràpita. Muslims and Romans were others who also inhabited the area. During the Muslim invasion a rapid was built in the term rapitenc, that is to say, a defensive tower, and of there the name of the population.
The Christians conquered the territory in 1097 at the hands of Count Ramon Berenguer III, and since then the territory has changed hands: the Benedictine monastery of Sant Cugat del Vallès, the order of Sant Joan de Jerusalem, Jaume el Just, the Santjoanist nuns from Santa Maria de Sixena and, finally, in the eighteenth century they became public territory, when the workers went to build the canal of the Right of the Ebro and settled down creating a new population honoring and Charles III
Years later the port was fortified and La Ràpita opened trade with America.
In the second half of the eighteenth century, King Charles III planned the construction of a large port in the Ebro delta, and ordered that a large city be built in the place of fishermen of La Ràpita, which in his honor was called Sant Carles de la Ràpita. The Amposta als Alfacs navigation canal was built, because the monarch aspired to be able to turn the port of Els Alfacs into one of the most important in the Mediterranean. Nevertheless, the various projects launched by the Bourbon monarchy did not succeed.
Another important event in the history of La Ràpita is the landing of Carles Lluís de Borbó i de Bragança and Ferran de Borbó i de Bragança, Carlist pretenders, to organize a military coup against the Spanish queen Isabel II. They were arrested and given their rights.
The port of Sant Carles de la Ràpita is one of the most important in Catalonia due to its volume of catches and the large number of boats. Catches of shrimp and seafood are very important.
Rice cultivation was introduced to the area in the mid-nineteenth century, and reached its peak production during the First World War. Although rice is the main crop, there are also farms dedicated to olive and carob trees. It was also during the 19th century when the exploitation of the Trinidad salt pans for the production and export of salt began.
Sant Carles de la Ràpita is a prominent tourist center thanks to the contrast between sea and mountains, its beaches and its location near the Ebro Delta. The Museu del Mar was inaugurated in 2014, thanks to an investment of 500,000 euros by the local council.
Elections to the Parliament of Catalonia in 2012
Municipal elections 2019
Inquiry about official name
On October 12, 2021, a consultation was held with the villagers on whether to keep the official name or change it to the popular name "La Ràpita".
Sebastià Juan Arbó (1902-1984), writer.
Lluís de Montsià (Joan Torné i Balaguer) (1890-1979), journalist, poet and folklorist
Angel Rangel Zaragoza (28-10-1982), footballer who is part of Swansea City in the Premier League
Coats of arms and flags of Montsià
Constance of Montpaó
City Council website
Information from the Generalitat de Catalunya