Siege of Barcelona (1713-1714)
January 21, 2022
El setge de Barcelona va ser una operació militar central dins de la Guerra dels catalans, darrer episodi hispànic de la Guerra de Successió Espanyola, entre el 25 de juliol de 1713 i l'11 de setembre de 1714. Tot i que Barcelona ja fou assetjada in this same war a few years before - Siege of Barcelona (1706) - involving troops of the great powers; during the Catalan War the foreign armies were evacuated and faced the defenders of Barcelona, composed of the Colonel, the Catalan regular army, troops from the rest of the territories of the Crown of Aragon, and soldiers from other territories held by Charles III. It was initially proposed by the Duke of Popoli more as a blockade at all costs instead of a conventional siege. The entry into play of an army from the Kingdom of France, on July 13, to support the Spanish army with the change of military direction to the Duke of Berwick, more interested in taking the city than in destroying it. la, severely decanted the course of the siege, turning it into an assault on trenches and mines in the walls. Highly outnumbered and completely surrounded by Bourbon soldiers, the leaders of the garrison and the Catalan leaders chose the resistance until their deaths. The resistance offered in Barcelona and the other territories of the Crown of Aragon was used by Philip V of Spain to destroy the walls of the cities that had resisted the Bourbon advance, and to establish a harsh repression that went culminating in the burning of cities, such as Xàtiva, the repeal of laws and laws, and the imprisonment and death of many citizens, definitively establishing a state under the laws of the Crown of Castile. In 1716, with the Decrees of Nova Planta, the Spanish state was created with its capital in Madrid, in the style of the French absolutist and centralist state model. The execution of the defense in the battle of Barcelona will be used during the Renaissance as a symbol of the resistance of the people of Catalonia in defense of the country, and the referent has deserved the consideration of remembering its date as Diada National of Catalonia.