Victoria Pujolar Amat


July 6, 2022

Victòria Pujolar Amat (Barcelona, ​​July 26, 1921 - Madrid, June 24, 2017) was a Republican, PSUC militant and resistance activist. Retaliated by the Franco regime, she suffered torture, imprisonment and exile. He lived in France, Czechoslovakia and Romania. He never left the political struggle and was the first voice in Catalan of the clandestine Radio Independent Spain, popularly known as La Pirenaica, based in Bucharest. She was also an athlete and painter.


Victòria Pujolar Amat was born in Barcelona in 1921 into a progressive family. He loved art and sports. He studied at the Mútua Escolar Blanquerna, and at the Institut Escola de la Barceloneta. In 1939, with the defeat of the Republican side, he went into exile with his parents in Toulouse. Under German occupation, she was intercepted without papers and interned in the Récébédou concentration camp, south of Toulouse, from where she managed to escape. He joined the PSUC Unified Socialist Youth and in 1944 returned to Barcelona to join the anti-fascist resistance. He found work in the writing of the first Vox dictionary and then in the graphic studio of Editorial Bruguera. She was appointed general secretary of the JSUC and, under the pseudonym of Anna and the elegant appearance of Noia de l'Eixample, managed to go unnoticed and organize guerrilla contacts in the city. A denunciation led to his arrest and the fall of numerous militants, including guerrilla Francesc Serrat Pujolar Sisquet, head of the JSU, who was later shot. Driven to the basements of the Via Laietana Police Station, she was interrogated, harassed and tortured by the brothers Vicente and Antonio Juan Creix, sinister police officers of the Politico-Social Brigade under the orders of Commissioner Eduardo Quintela. for more than a year awaiting trial, she exercised powerful leadership among the inmates, promoting the practice of the sport and becoming captain of the prison basketball team. He also painted the sets for some theatrical performances organized by the nuns at the designated festivals. He coincided, among others, with the communists Tomasa Cuevas, Isabel Vicente García, Angela Ramis and the Madrilenian Adelaida Abarca Izquierdo of the file of the Thirteen Roses, that redeemed pain by the work and rendered service to the offices of the Prison. This fact and the contacts that maintained with members of the Party inside and outside the penitentiary, allowed to plan the flight of Victoria, on the occasion of its transfer to Madrid to be put under advice military. Shortly afterwards, Adelaide Abarca and Angela Ramis also fled. With the complicity of friends and family, Pujolar managed to cross the French border and reach Toulouse, his parents' home. In 1947 he met the communist journalist and leader Federico Melchor Fernández, who had just returned from exile in Mexico, they married and had four children. French government expelled all foreign communist leaders from the country. They decided to emigrate to Prague, where they met Teresa Pàmies. Then, Federico Melchor was called to Bucharest (Romania) to direct Radio España Independent (REI) and there they coincided with the group of Catalans, among whom were Josep Bonifaci i Mora and later Jordi Solé Tura. of the broadcast in Catalan, Emili Vilaseca, suggested to Pujolar that he do a voice test, and thus became the first announcer, who with the nickname of Montserrat Canigó, addressed in Catalan to the listeners of the clandestine Radio Pirenaica , a job that alternated for years with painting and fine arts studies at the Nikolae Grigorescu University Institute in Bucharest. In 1966 the family returned to Paris and Pujolar worked