Nord

Article

August 19, 2022

Nord is a department of France. It is located in the northern part of the country.

History

The Nord is the French part of the County of Flanders, excluding the western part which was dissolved in 1237 as the County of Artois and is now part of neighboring Pas-de-Calais, and Hainault. This territory was part of the Spanish Netherlands but was gradually given to France in the treaties of 1659, 1668, and 1678. Nord was one of the original 83 departments created on March 4, 1790 during the French Revolution.

Geography

Nord is part of the Nord-Pas-de-Calais region. It is surrounded by the departments of Pas-de-Calais and Aisne, as well as Belgium and the North Sea. The department stands out due to its location in the northeastern part of the country, along the western half of the border with Belgium. Its capital city is Lille. Surrounding Lille are the cities of Roubaix, Tourcoing and Villeneuve-d'Ascq. These four cities are all former industrial and mining towns with more than one million inhabitants. Other important cities are Valenciennes, Douai, and Dunkerque. The major streams are as follows: Shark Lys Escaut Shoes Sambre

Economy

The department was the center of industrialization in France during the 19th century. As a result, it suffered severe damage during the First World War, and now faces severe economic, social and environmental problems due to the reduction of fuel mining along with its neighbors.

Demography

The Nord is the most populous department in France. It has 2.55 million residents in an area of ​​5,740 km².

Culture

The Flemish of the West (Western Flemish) are kept by about 20,000 people in the northern part of the department, in the arrondissement of Dunkerque.

See also

Nord cantons Communes of the Nord Nord arrondissements List of French departments

External links

(French) Prefecture house (French)House of the Conseil Général Archived 2000-08-18 at the Wayback Machine (English) links from DMOZ