France

Article

August 19, 2022

France (French: France), officially the French Republic (République française), is a country whose metropolitan area is located in Western Europe. Its total territory also includes islands located in other areas. Metropolitan France is located between the Mediterranean Sea to the La Mancha Channel and the North Sea. The French call Metropolitan France l'Hexagone (the "Hexagon") because of its shape. France is surrounded by Belgium, Luxembourg, Germany, Switzerland, Italy, Monaco, Andorra, and Spain. In some of its departments outside the country, France has borders with the countries of Brazil, Surinam, and the Netherlands Antilles. France and the United Kingdom (UK) are connected by a tunnel that passes under the La Mancha Channel (or English Channel). The French Republic is a democracy organized as a semi-presidential republic. It is a developed country with the sixth largest economy in the world. The ideals of France are written in the Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen. France is also one of the first members of the European Union, and is the largest country (based on the size of the land) among the members of that group. France is also a member of La Francophonie, G8, and the Latino Union. Another group that France is one of the main members of is the United Nations (UN); it is one of the five permanent members of the Security Council of that group. France is one of the eight countries that possess nuclear weapons. It is visited by almost 75 million tourists every year, and is one of the most popular tourist destinations. The name France comes from the Franks, a Germanic tribe that occupied the city after the collapse of the Western Roman Empire. The region around Paris (Île-de-France) was the original demesne.

Geography

While Metropolitan France is located in Western Europe, the country has territories in North America, the Caribbean, South America, the southern Indian Ocean, the Pacific Ocean, and Antarctica. The metropolitan area covers 551,695 square kilometers (213,010 sq mi) making it the largest country in the European Union, slightly larger than Spain. Its landforms (landscape) are varied, from the flat coasts of the north and west to the Alpes mountains in the south-east, the Massif Central in the south-central and the Pyrenees in the south-west. At an altitude of 4,807 meters (15,770 feet), the highest point in Western Europe, Mont Blanc, is in the Alpes on the Italian border. The metropolitan rivers are the Loire, Garonne, Seine and the Rhône, which lead to the Mediterranean through the Camargue, the highest point in France (2 m / 6.5 feet below sea level). Corse is an island in the Mediterranean. The total area of ​​the country, including all territories (excluding Adélie Land), is 674,843 square kilometers (260,558 sq mi). The country has the second largest Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) in the world, about 11,035,000 square kilometers (4,260,000 sq mi), about 8% of all EEZs, second only to the United States (11,351,000 km² / 4,383,000 sq mi) and followed in Australia (8,232,000 km² / 3,178,000 sq mi).

History

The English version of this page can be translated into Binisayang Sinugubanon.

Government and grain

The English version of this page can be translated into Binisayang Sinugubanon.

Management divisions

France is divided into 26 regions (regions of their language). Twenty-two (22) of them are in Metropolitan France while four are outside the country. The regions are divided into departments (département). Departments are assigned a number (usually based on alphabetical order) and this number