Wikipedia

Article

October 20, 2021

Wikipedia is a multilingual free encyclopedia. It is written by volunteers through a computer program called a wiki, which gives each user the ability to create and write articles. The project began on January 15, 2001 as a complement to the writing of Nupedia experts, and is now managed by the Wikimedia Foundation based in Florida, United States. The English version of Wikipedia currently has over 2,600,000 articles. On June 22, 2005, the English Wikipedia was created. It now has 5,968,329 articles. The name Wikipedia is a mixture of the words wiki (the technology of creating a collaborative website) and encyclopedia. More than 10 million Wikipedia articles are written by volunteers around the world, and almost every article can be edited by anyone with access to the Wikipedia website. Launched by Jimmy Wales and Larry Sanger in 2001, it is currently the largest and most popular general reference on the Internet. credentials in the editing process. The reliability and accuracy of Wikipedia is also an issue. Other criticisms centered on its susceptibility to vandalism and the addition of vague or unverifiable information. Scholarly work suggests that vandalism is generally short-lived.English Wikipedia articles are regularly cited by the media and academia, who praise it for its free distribution, editing, and wide coverage. Editors are encouraged to adhere to a “neutral perspective” policy where all notable perspectives are summarized in no attempt to achieve an objective fact. When Time magazine recognized "You" as Person of the Year 2006, praising the high progress of online collaboration and interaction by millions of users around the world, Wikipedia was the first specific "Web 2.0" service to be named. , followed by YouTube and MySpace.

History

Wikipedia started as a complementary project to Nupedia, a free online English encyclopedia whose articles were written by experts and went through a formal review process. Nupedia was founded on March 9, 2000, under the ownership of Bomis, Inc., a web portal company. Larry Sanger and Jimmy Wales are the founders of Wikipedia. Wales was given credit for creating the desire to create a public encyclopedia that could be changed, Sanger was given credit for the strategy of using a wiki to achieve that desire. Wikipedia was formally launched on January 15, 2001, as the only English edition on the website www.wikipedia.com, and was announced by Sanger on Nupedia’s mailing list. Wikipedia’s “neutral view” policy was codified in the first few months, and is similar to Nupedia’s “no bias” policy. There are very few policies to start Wikipedia and it is run outside of Nupedia. Wikipedia had grown to 20,000 articles, and 18 editions in various languages, by the end of 2001. By the end of 2002 it had 26 editions, 46 by the end of 2003, and 161 by the end of 2004. The Nupedia server was permanently removed in 2003, and its texts were incorporated into Wikipedia. English Wikipedia surpassed 2 million articles on September 9, 2007, making it the largest encyclopedia of all time, eclipsing even the Yongle Encyclopedia (1407), which holds the record for 600 years. .In late 2002, Wales said Wikipedia would not display commercial advertisements, and moved the website to wikipedia.org. Several projects are different from

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