Yasser Arafat


July 5, 2022

Mohammed Abdel Rahman Abdel Raouf Arafat al-Qudwa al-Husseini (محمد عبد الرحمن عبد الرؤوف عرفات القدوة الحسيني) (August 4, 1929-November 11, 2004), known as Yasser Arafat, was a Palestinian leader. As chairman of the Palestinian Freedom Movement and head of the Palestinian National Authority, as a leader of the Fatah political party, which he founded in 1959, Arafat fought most of his life against Israel in the name of Palestinian self -will. He never agreed with the establishment of Israel, but he changed his stance when he adopted UN Security Council Resolution 242. Arafat and his movement ran in several Arab countries. In the 1960s and early 1970s, Fatah faced Jordan in a peasant war. Jordan was deported and deported to Lebanon by Arafat and Fatah became heavily persecuted in Israel’s invasion of those countries in 1978 and 1982. The majority of the Palestinian people - apart from their political ideas and factions - viewed him as a fighter in freedom and martyr who showed their national views, many Israelis viewed him as a terrorist because of his faction’s numerous attacks against civilians.Long the length of his career, Arafat entered into negotiations with the Israeli government to end in the decades -long conflict between that country and the PLO. These include the Madrid Conference of 1991, the 1993 Oslo Accords and the 2000 Camp David Summit. His political opponent the Muslims and other eighth PLO rejected him for its allegiance to the Israeli government. In 1994 Arafat received the Nobel Peace Prize, with him Yitzhak Rabin and Shimon Peres in the Oslo negotiations. It was also during this time that Hamas and other militant organizations rose to power and shook the foundation of Arafat’s Fatah authority in Palestinian-occupied areas. In 2004, after he remained in his Ramallah compound for two years in the Israeli force, Arafat fell ill and was subsequently in a coma. While the cause of his death was not determined, doctors referred to idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura and cirrhois, but no autopsy was performed. Arafat died on November 11, 2004 at the age of 75.

Early Life

Birth and Childhood

Arafat was born in Cairo to Palestinian parents. His father Abdel Rauf-Qudwa al-Husseini was a Gazan; Arafat's grandmother was an Egyptian. Arafat’s father worked as a beautician in the Jesuit part of Cairo and Sakakini District. His Egyptian grandfather was from the late Radwan in the Abbasid District of Cairo, according to Arafat biographer Said Aburish Arafat was the second youngest of seven children (along with his brother Fathi) they were the only children who born in Cairo. His mother, Zahwa Abul Saoud, died of liver disease in 1933 while Arafat was only 4 years old. Arafat's first connection to Jerusalem occurred when his father could no longer survive his seven children -alone, he sent Arafat and Fathi to his wife's family in the Moroccan part of the Old City. They lived there with their uncle Sehim Abul Saoud for four years. In 1937, their father called them to be looked after by their older brother Inam. Arafat and his father had a relationship that felt so when his father died he did not attend its funeral. Nor did he visit its grave in Gaza.

Education and the 1948 Arab-Israeli War

In 1947 Arafat appeared at the University of King Faoud I and graduated in 1950.He admitted that he had received p