China

Article

December 3, 2021

China, the full name of the People's Republic of China (Chinese in the Czech transcription Chunghua zhen-min kung-chechu Asia. With a population of 1.4 billion, China is the most populous country in the world, with an area of ​​9.6 million km² making it the fourth largest country. Thanks to its rapidly growing economy and military strength, and the associated growing influence in the world, China has become a new superpower. The PRC has been a permanent veto-wielding member of the UN Security Council since 1971, when the status was denied to the Republic of China. The country has been led by the Chinese Communist Party since 1949. The People's Republic of China has already taken control of the former foreign colonies of Hong Kong and Macao. It also claims the island of Taiwan and several other smaller territories, but these areas are administered by the Government of the Republic of China.

History

Prehistory

The original settlement of China is one of the oldest in the world. Archaeological finds of Sinanthropua Pekinensis prove the settlement half a million years ago.

Dynasty Governments

The Sia Dynasty is considered the first Chinese ruling dynasty. Shang is the first historically documented Chinese dynasty. It ruled in the 17th to 16th centuries BC. Fonts and calendars were already in use. The Chou dynasty ruling in the 11th to 8th centuries BC already controlled and administered a large area from the Yangtze River to the Great Wall of China. The Czech period is divided into Western and Eastern Chou. During the East Chou period, the reigning king moved to the place of modern Xi'an. Gradually, the power of the Czech king weakened. The 8th to 5th centuries BC was followed by the Spring and Autumn periods, when the rulers of the divided states divided the country among themselves. Then, during the warring states, several strong states fought for control of China. The Qing dynasty, which controls the region around the original Czech metropolis, won. The government of the Qing Dynasty brought the unification of the territory under a strongly centralized government. During this period, 220 BC, the Great Wall of China was built, a irrigation system was built, the script was reformed, and weights and measures were unified. rebels, reunited China and in 202 BC declared himself emperor. The Chan Dynasty is considered one of the most powerful dynasties in Chinese history. During this period, 220 to 206 BC, trade and culture developed. Technical knowledge included the use of paper and porcelain. The Chan Dynasty continued the previous military expansion of the Qing Dynasty. There were the first contacts with the West, with the Romans. During the 1st century AD, Buddhism spread from India to China. In the Three Kingdoms period (220-265), China first split into three states, and later fragmentation increased. Traditionally, this period is defined by 220 AD, when the state of Wei was officially established, and 280, when the Jin Empire conquered the state of Wei. During the Suey Dynasty, at the turn of the 6th and 7th centuries, the country was reunited. During the following Chang dynasty, 618 to 907, the "golden age" in art and literature came. During this period, China became the most important country in Asia. Letterpress was invented. Politically, China established contacts with Japan and the countries of South and West Asia. The subsequent reign of the Sung dynasty (960-1279), on the other hand, was a period of great economic and cultural success. There was a div

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