Czech radio

Article

August 13, 2022

Czech Radio (ČRo) is a public institution operating radio broadcasting throughout the territory of the Czech Republic. It was established in 1992 by the Act on Czech Radio, which establishes the framework for its operation, including the performance of public service tasks in the field of radio broadcasting and the method of financing. As a public service medium, it is intended to provide all citizens with access to information, culture, education and entertainment. It acts as the successor of the previous state-owned Czechoslovak Radio. It broadcasts on 12 nationwide and 14 regional stations, including foreign broadcasts commissioned by the state. It is based in Prague in a building in Vinohradská třída. René Zavoral has been the CEO of Czech Radio since 2016.

History

Regular radio broadcasting was started in Czechoslovakia on May 18, 1923 by the private company Radiojournal, which was 51% owned by the state through the Czechoslovak Post from 1925. After Great Britain, where the BBC began broadcasting in 1922, Czechoslovakia became the second country in Europe to have regular radio broadcasting. From 1933, Radiojournal was based in Prague in the Vinohradská 12 building. At the end of 1938, Radiojournal changed its name to Czech-Slovak Radio. After the secession of Slovakia in March 1939, the independent Slovak Radio was established, while Czech Radio operated in the protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia. At the end of the Second World War, the Prague Uprising took place at the beginning of May 1945, fighting for the radio building in Prague. Czech and Slovak Radio continued to operate radio broadcasts after the Second World War, but already under the joint banner of the Czechoslovak Radio. Czechoslovak Radio (ČsRo) itself was established as a state enterprise in 1948 and in the following decades was under the influence of the ruling Communist Party of Czechoslovakia. From January 1, 1969, it was organizationally divided into Czech Radio and Slovak Radio. After the Velvet Revolution in 1989, the entire radio broadcast was gradually reorganized. In 1991, two new public entities were established in federal Czechoslovakia, first Slovak Radio, then Czech Radio. Czechoslovak Radio was left with the operation of the national federal station Czechoslovakia and foreign broadcasting. Czech Radio (ČRo) was established by Act of the Czech National Council No. 484/1991 Coll., on Czech Radio, on January 1, 1992 as a public radio station with assets transferred from Czechoslovak Radio. Its headquarters became the building at Vinohradská 12 in Prague, where the Czech Republic was located until then. He also took over the operation of the Czech stations Prague, Vltava, Regina and regional circuits. This arrangement worked until the end of 1992, when Czechoslovakia and Czechoslovak Radio ceased to exist. With the establishment of the independent Czech Republic on January 1, 1993, changes occurred. The defunct federal news station of Czechoslovakia was replaced within the Czech Republic by a new similar channel Radiožurnál, Český rozhlas also took over foreign broadcasting under the name Radio Praha. Stations Prague, Vltava, Regina and Czech regional circuits remained unchanged. On January 1, 1993, Czech Radio became a member of the European Broadcasting Union (EBU). In 1995, a skyscraper under construction in Prague's Pankrác, originally intended as the new headquarters of the Czechoslovak Radio, was transferred to the property of CRo. The building was sold in 1999 and after reconstruction, completed in 2007, it became the City Tower office building. In 1995, the station Český rozhlas 6/Rádio Svobodná Evropa began operations, and in the same year Radio Praha began broadcasting via the Internet. Internet broadcasting of the Radiožurnál circuit began in 1998, when radio broadcasts over the wire ended. In 1999, Czech Radio started experimental digital radio broadcasting in Prague. In 2002, the cooperation of the Czech Republic ended