August 1st

Article

August 14, 2022

August 1 is the 213th day of the year according to the Gregorian calendar (214th in a leap year). There are 152 days left until the end of the year.

Events

Czechia

1832 – Regular horse-drawn railway service began on the route České Budějovice – Linz. 1936 – The first Czechoslovak phototelegraph was put into operation. 1973 – Trams were discontinued in Bohumín. 1983 – A windstorm destroyed the memorable Tchořovická linden tree. 2005 – The Český les PLA was declared.

World

0768 – Beginning of the pontificate of Pope Stephen III. 1291 - The Swiss Confederation is established by the conclusion of the "Treaty of Perpetual Union" between Schwyz, Uri and Unterwalden. 1708 – The future emperor Charles VI was married. with Princess Elizabeth Christina of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel in Barcelona. 1798 – Napoleonic Wars: The navies of Great Britain and France clash at the Battle of Aboukir. 1831 – London Bridge was inaugurated. 1876 ​​- Colorado becomes the 38th US state. 1894 – The first Sino-Japanese War broke out. 1907 – The first Boy Scout camp started on Brownsea Island led by Robert Baden-Powell (regarded as the beginning of Scouting). 1912 – Start of operations at the highest built station in Europe (3,454 m above sea level) on the Jungfraujoch of the Jungfraubahn company in Switzerland. 1944 – Poland: at 5 p.m., the so-called "W" hour, the Warsaw Uprising against the German occupiers began. 1944 - Anne Frank wrote the last entry in her diary. 1960 - Benin gained independence from France. 1971 - In New York's Madison Square Garden, George Harrison held a benefit concert for Bangladesh. 1976 – Niki Lauda crashes at the German Nürburgring circuit. 1981 - The American television station MTV began broadcasting. 2007 – In Minneapolis, Minnesota, a 579-meter-long bridge collapsed into the Mississippi River. 2008 – 11 people died in a series of unfortunate events in the Karakoram Mountains on K2. 2020 - The first nuclear power plant started up in the United Arab Emirates - the first nuclear power plant in the Arab world.

Birth

See also Category:Births on August 1 — automatic alphabetical list.

Czechia

1831 – František Lepař, classical philologist and translator († December 21, 1899) 1832 – Dominik Zbrožek, Czech and Polish surveyor († July 1, 1889) 1837 Jindřich Mošna, actor († 6 May 1911) František Skrejšovský, lawyer, journalist and politician († 21 July 1902) 1838 – František Alois Hora, poet and translator (died October 30, 1916) 1841 – Vilém Barvič, music composer (d. March 26, 1892) 1848 – František Kmoch, conductor and composer († April 30, 1912) 1859 – Alois Slovák, Jesuit, pedagogue and patriotic preacher († March 23, 1930) 1860 – František Polívka, botanist († July 2, 1923) 1861 – Pavel Albieri, Czech-American journalist and writer (d. October 21, 1901) 1863 – Ludvík Jadrníček, painter († October 10, 1954) 1870 – Ladislav Šaloun, sculptor († October 18, 1946) 1873 – Josef Černoch, writer († June 8, 1953) 1874 – Vilém Brodecký, politician († January 21, 1950) 1896 – Jaromír Funke, photographer († March 22, 1945) 1902 – Josef Čapek, football representative († May 5, 1983) 1904 – Františka Pecháčková, writer († January 19, 1991) 1908 – Miloslav Kabeláč, music composer (September 17, 1979) 1909 – Josef Ehm, photographer, teacher and editor († November 8, 1989) 1912 – Otakar Jaroš, soldier (d. March 8, 1943) 1913 – Vratislav Janda, resistance fighter, victim of communism († November 5, 1949) 1914 – Josef Černota, soldier and member of the Wolfram paratrooper († July 26, 2001) 1921 – Oldřich Svačina, Minister of Industry of the Czech Socialist Republic († April 28, 1978) 1922 – Vladimír Vondráček, painter, artist and sculptor († October 1, 1992) 1928 �