May 13

Article

May 28, 2022

May 13 is the 133rd day of the year according to the Gregorian calendar (134th in the leap year). 232 days left until the end of the year.

Events

Česko

1736 - The first historically documented fireworks were held in Brno. He took place for the coronation of the love image of the Virgin Mary of St. Thomas. 1911 - Jan Kašpar's flight from Pardubice to Velká Chuchle, a symbolic beginning of Czech aviation (121 km overcome in 92 minutes at an altitude of about 800 m). 1918 - Alois Jirásek read the National Oath, a manifestation of representatives of political and cultural life in support of Czech national political demands, in Smetana Hall 1938 - The Czechoslovak government approves a draft national statute. The main principles were to become self-government and the relationship of Czechs to Germans in representation in offices and companies. 1945 - Restoration of the Jewish Museum in Prague. 2001 - The Czech national team became the world champion in ice hockey for the third time in a row. 2006 - Jiří Paroubek becomes the chairman of the CSSD. 2016 - The first uterine transplant in the Czech Republic was performed by doctors from IKEM and the University Hospital in Motol in Prague.

World

0609 - Pope Boniface IV. turns the Pantheon into a Christian basilica. 1779 - The Peace of Těšín is signed, ending the War of Bavarian Heritage. 1846 - The United States declares war on Mexico. 1917 - The first of a series of six Marian apparitions takes place in Fatima. 1981 - An assassination attempt on Pope John Paul II is unsuccessful. The pope is wounded and the assassin Mehmet Ali Ağca is arrested. 1985 - A police operation called the MOVE bombing occurs in Philadelphia. 1995 - Alison Hargreaves, a 33-year-old British woman, becomes the first woman to conquer Mount Everest without oxygen cylinders or by sherpa. 2005 - Massacre in Andijan, Uzbek army opens fire on a mass of people protesting against poor living conditions. 2009 - The emergence of the most popular computer game today Minecraft.

Birth

Česko

1717 - Maria Theresa, Queen of Hungary since 1741 and Queen of Bohemia since 1743 († November 29, 1780) 1756 - Vojtěch Živný, musician and pedagogue († 21 February 1842) 1785 - Antonín Liewald, West Bohemian industrialist (†?) 1795 - Pavel Josef Šafařík, Czech and Slovak writer († June 26, 1861) 1840 - Josef Frankovský, actor († September 15, 1901) 1845 Servác Heller, journalist and writer († September 2, 1922) František Kytka, bookseller and publisher († December 20, 1898) 1849 - Jan Dvořák, physician and politician († December 12, 1916) 1859 - Josef Kachník, theologian († December 3, 1940) 1860 - Karel Snětina, physician, collector and archaeologist († July 15, 1942) 1862 - Josef Mojžíšek, musician († May 8, 1938) 1863 - Ludvík Krupka, lawyer and politician († January 7, 1947) 1866 - Ottokar Nováček, violinist, violist and composer of Czech origin († February 3, 1900) 1871 - František Obzina, Czechoslovak politician († July 26, 1927) 1877 - T. F. Simon, painter († December 19, 1942) 1884 - Oskar Rosenfeld, writer and journalist († August 1944) 1887 - Jan Satorie, Czechoslovak legionary and brigadier general († April 30, 1949) 1890 - Jan Víšek, architect († June 6, 1966) 1891 - Jan Svatopluk Procházka, naturalist († January 30, 1933) 1911 - Zdeněk Hofbauer, actor, director († November 20, 1953) 1913 František Domažlický, violinist and composer († October 29, 1997) Vladimír Dvořák, non-partisan deputy in the 1950s (†?) 1917 - Ewald Osers, poet and translator († October 10, 2011) 1923 - Bohuš Balajka, literary historian and critic († February 7, 1994) 1926 - František Vacovský, Czechoslovak hockey representative († September 23, 2016) 1931 - Milan Hrala, professor of Russian literature