1757

Article

July 5, 2022

1757 (MDCCLVII) was a year that began on a Saturday according to the Gregorian calendar.

Events

April 21 – The Prussian army won over Austria in the Battle of Liberec. May 6 – The Prussian army defeated the Austrian army in the Battle of Štěrbohol and began a 45-day siege of Prague. June 18 – The Austrian army won over Prussia in the Battle of Cologne. The Prussians withdrew from Bohemia. June 23 – the troops of the British East India Company defeated the combined forces of the Bengal Nawab and the French East India Company in the Battle of Palasy. The battle paved the way for British dominance in India. July 23 - During the shelling, the Austrian army largely destroyed the Saxon city of Žitava, which housed Prussian troops. July 26 – The French army is victorious over the combined armies of Hanover, Great Britain, Hesse-Kassel, and Brunswick-Lüneburg at the Battle of Hastenbeck. August 30 – The Russian army is victorious over Prussia in the Battle of Groß-Jägersdorf. October 16 – Austrian field marshal Andrej Hadik with 3,500 hussars occupied Berlin and had the Prussians pay a ransom of hundreds of thousands of tolars. October 30 – Ottoman Sultan Osman III died. and Mustafa III ascended the throne. November 5 - The Prussian army is victorious over the French and Austrian armies at the Battle of Rossbach. November 22 – The Austrian army won over Prussia in the Battle of Breslau. December 5 - The Prussian army is victorious over Austria at the Battle of Leuthen.

Ongoing Events

1754–1763 – French and Indian War 1756–1763 – Seven Years' War

Birth

Czechia

January 20 – Jan Nepomuk Mitrovský, naturalist, patron and composer († May 20, 1799) December 8 – Alois Martin David, priest, astronomer and cartographer (d. February 22, 1836)

World

January 30 – Louise of Hesse-Darmstadt, Grand Duchess of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach († October 14, 1830) February 3 – Pál Kitaibel, Hungarian botanist and chemist (d. December 13, 1817) February 13 – Thaddäus Anton Dereser, German priest and expert on hermeneutics and oriental languages ​​(d. June 16, 1827) March 30 – Jean-François Pilâtre de Rozier, French physicist and aviation pioneer (d. May 15, 1785) May 30 – Henry Addington, British statesman (d. February 15, 1844) June 7 – Georgiana Cavendish, Duchess of England (d. March 30, 1806) June 9 – Jan Rudolf Czernin from Chudenice, president of the Imperial Academy of Fine Arts († April 23, 1845) June 18 – Ignaz Joseph Pleyel, French composer, conductor and instrumentalist (d. November 14, 1831) June 22 – George Vancouver, British navigator (d. March 30, 1798) 31 May – Philip Yorke, 3rd Earl of Hardwicke, British politician and nobleman (d. 18 November 1834) July 9 – Wojciech Bogusławski, Polish writer, actor and director (d. July 23, 1829) August 4th Vladimir Borovikovsky, Russian-Ukrainian painter (d. April 18, 1825) Guillaume-Joseph Roques, French painter († 1847) August 9 – Thomas Telford, Scottish civil engineer (d. September 9, 1834) August 17 – Adam Bartsch, Austrian copper engraver, graphic artist and writer (d. August 21, 1821) August 21 – Gustaf von Paykull, Swedish ornithologist and entomologist (d. January 28, 1826) September 6 – Gilbert du Motier, Marquis de La Fayette, French aristocrat and revolutionary (d. May 20, 1834) September 15 – Karl Philipp Moritz, German writer, editor and essayist (d. June 26, 1793) October 9 – Charles X, King of France from the House of Bourbon († November 6, 1836) October 10 – Erik Acharius, Swedish botanist (d. August 14, 1819) October 14 – Charles Abbot, British lawyer and politician (d. May 8, 1829) November 1 - Antonio Canova, Italian sculptor, representative of classicism († October 13, 1822) November 11 – Charles Pierre François Augereau, French