1772

Article

August 14, 2022

1772 (MDCCLXXII) was a year that began on a Wednesday according to the Gregorian calendar.

Events

January 23 – French navigators Marc-Joseph Marion du Fresne and Jules Crozet discover the Crozet Islands in the Indian Ocean. February 12 – French navigator Yves-Joseph Kerguélen-Trémarec discovers the Kergueleny Archipelago. February 17 – Russia and Prussia agree on the first partition of Poland. March 8 – French astronomer Jacques Leibax Montaigne discovers Comet 3D/Biela. August 5 – As part of the first partition of Poland, Prussia, Russia and Austria took part of Polish territory. The Kingdom of Galicia-Vladimir was formed from the Austrian part. July 13 – English navigator James Cook set sail from Plymouth on his second voyage around the world. famine in the Czech lands

Ongoing Events

1768–1774 – Russo-Turkish War 1772–1775 – James Cook's second voyage

Birth

Czechia

February 22 – Josef Lipavský, composer († January 7, 1810) April 17 – Vojtěch Nejedlý, priest and poet († December 7, 1844) November 10 – Jan Nepomuk Kaňka, composer and lawyer († April 15, 1865) November 21 – Josef Triebensee, Prague oboist, conductor and composer (d. April 2, 1846)

World

January 27 – Faustino Camisani, Italian violinist, violist and music composer (d. April 21, 1830) March 10 – Friedrich Schlegel, German philosopher, literary critic and translator († January 11, 1829) March 17 – Charles Leclerc d'Ostin, French general (d. December 2, 1802) April 4 – Nachman of Braclav, Ukrainian Hasidic spiritual master (d. October 16, 1810) April 7 – Charles Fourier, French utopian socialist (d. October 10, 1837) April 15 – Étienne Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, French naturalist (d. June 19, 1844) April 18 – David Ricardo, British economist (d. September 11, 1823) May 2 – Novalis, German romantic poet (d. March 25, 1801) June 6 – Maria Teresa of Naples-Sicily, wife of Francis I († April 13, 1807) June 15 – Jan Karel Paar, Austrian Supreme Court and Hereditary Postmaster General († December 30, 1819) June 14 – Gustaf Johan Billberg, Swedish botanist, zoologist and anatomist (d. November 26, 1844) 2nd of August Alexander Ivanovich Osterman-Tolstoy, Russian nobleman and general († February 12, 1857) Louis Antoine Henri de Bourbon Condé, French nobleman in exile (d. March 21, 1804) August 14 – Alexander Leopold of Habsburg-Lorraine, Archduke of Austria and Palatine of Hungary (d. July 12, 1795)) August 15 – Johann Nepomuk Mälzel, German musician and inventor (d. July 21, 1838) August 18 – Matúš Blaho, Slovak religious writer and evangelical clergyman (d. March 21, 1837) September 24 – Guillaume de Vaudoncourt, French general and military historian (d. May 2, 1845) September 27 Antonio Casimir Cartellieri, Austrian music composer, violinist and bandleader († 2 September 1807) Martha Jefferson Randolph, daughter of the 3rd US President Thomas Jefferson (d. October 10, 1836) October 21 – Samuel Taylor Coleridge, English poet, critic and philosopher (d. July 25, 1834) October 25 – Géraud Duroc, French general and diplomat (d. May 23, 1813) November 2 – János László Pyrker, Hungarian church dignitary and poet (d. December 2, 1847) November 8 – Thomas Manning, British sinologist and traveler (d. May 2, 1840) November 17 – Horace François Sébastiani, French general and politician (d. July 20, 1851) November 28 – Luke Howard, British chemist and meteorologist (d. March 21, 1864) unknown date Ho Xuan Huong, Vietnamese poet (d. 1822) Jacob Henry Sarratt, English chess player (d. November 6, 1819) John Byng, 1st Earl of Stafford, British Field Marshal and nobleman (d. 3 June 1860)

Death