1797

Article

January 24, 2022

1797 (MDCCXCVII) was a year that, according to the Gregorian calendar, began on Sunday.

Events

January 4 - Slovenian publicist Valentin Vodnik begins publishing Lublanske novice - the first newspaper written in Slovenian. January 14 - The French army defeats the Battle of Rivoli over Austria. February 14 - In the naval battle of Cape St. Vincent, the English fleet defeats the Spanish. April 5 - Tsar Paul I of Russia issues the Tsar's Decree on Succession. September 4 - A Fructidore coup takes place in France, in which members of the Directory averted the rising political power of the monarchists. October 17 - The Peace of Campo Formio ends the war between the First French Republic and the Habsburg Monarchy. October 22 - Frenchman André-Jacques Garnerin makes the first parachute jump from a balloon filled with hydrogen from a height of 680 meters. Napoleon Bonaparte conquered Rome The General Civil Code came into force on an examination in Western Galicia.

Ongoing events

1789–1799 - Great French Revolution 1791–1804 - Haitian Revolution 1792–1797 - First Coalition War 1792–1802 - French Revolutionary War

Science and art

October 22 - French inventor André-Jacques Garnerin performs the first parachute jump in Paris. The French writer François René de Chateaubriand wrote Essai sur les révolutions (The Debate on Revolutions). French chemist Louis Nicolas Vauquelin discovered the chemical element chromium.

Birth

Česko

January 12 - Vincenc Pavel Žák, national awakener, priest and writer († March 30, 1867) January 20 - Josef Vlastimil Kamarýt, poet and priest († March 19, 1833) January 26 - František Turinský, poet, writer and clerk († September 4, 1852) February 7 - Vincenc Barták, composer († September 29, 1861) February 17 - Jean Maria Nicolaus Bellot, industrialist of French descent († May 24, 1880) March 29 - František Preiss, Jihlava painter († March 2, 1842) June 8 - Václav Josef Rosenkranz, Renaissance composer († December 3, 1861) July 25 - František Jan Mošner, physician, professor of surgery († February 2, 1876) October 21 - Johann Kiemann Sr., lawyer and politician († April 18, 1872) November 3 - František Pštross, Prague businessman and municipal politician († February 15, 1887) unknown date - Leopold Felix Thun-Hohenstein, nobleman and politician († 1877)

World

January 4 - Wilhelm Beer, German banker and astronomer († March 27, 1850) January 9 - Ferdinand Petrovich Wrangel, Russian sailor and polar explorer († June 6, 1870) January 10 - Annette von Droste-Hülshoff, German writer († May 25, 1848) January 11 - Carl Rottmann, German painter († July 7, 1850) January 21 - Ignazio Calvi, Italian chess player († August 17, 1876) January 22 - Mary Leopoldina of Habsburg-Lorraine, Empress of Brazil († December 11, 1826) January 31 - Franz Schubert, Austrian composer († November 19, 1828) March 2 - Étienne Mulsant, French entomologist and ornithologist († November 4, 1880) March 22 - William I of Prussia, King of Prussia and German Emperor († March 9, 1888) March 24 - Antonio Rosmini Serbati, Italian philosopher, theologian and politician († July 1, 1855) March 27 - Alfred de Vigny, French writer, poet and playwright († September 17, 1863) April 3 - Barthélemy Charles Joseph Dumortier, Belgian botanist († June 9, 1878) April 13 - Ferdinand Lobkowitz, prince of the aristocratic Lobkovic family († December 18, 1868) April 15 - Adolphe Thiers, French politician († September 3, 1877) April 27 - Victor Audouin, French naturalist, entomologist and ornithologist († November 9, 1841) May 18 - Frederick August II. Saxon, Saxon King († August 9, 1854) May 19 - Marie Isabela

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