1821

Article

December 3, 2021

1821 (MDCCCXXI) was a year that, according to the Gregorian calendar, began on Monday.

Events

March 25 - Greece's independence is declared in Epidaurus, Greece, and the Greek War of Liberation begins. May 5 - French Emperor Napoleon Bonaparte dies on Saint Helena. June 9 - June 13 - Battle of Lalas June 13 - Egyptian troops occupy the Sultanate of Sennar, which becomes part of the Ottoman Empire. They established a Khartoum military camp, which later became the capital. July 19 - George IV. was crowned British king. July 28 - José de San Martín declares Peru's independence from Spain. August 10 - Missouri becomes the 24th state of the United States. September 15 - Guatemala, El Salvador, Costa Rica and Honduras declare independence from Spain. September 28 - The Declaration of Independence of the Mexican Empire is issued. The Austrian army suppressed a carbon dioxide uprising in Naples and Sardinia. The first Czech scientific journal Krok started publishing.

Ongoing events

1810-1821 - Mexican War of Independence 1817-1864 - Caucasus War 1821-1829 - Greek Liberation War

Science and art

June 18 - Carl Maria von Weberer's opera The Sorcerer premieres in Berlin. The German inventor Karl Drais built the predecessor of the typewriter with a 25-letter keyboard, which later evolved into a stenographic machine. The German physicist Thomas Johann Seebeck discovered the semiconductor properties of lead sulphate.

Birth

Česko

January 4 - Bedřich Havránek, painter († March 1, 1899) January 22 - Josef Rupert Maria Přecechtěl, priest, national awakener, draftsman and writer († May 17, 1897) January 27 - Josef Vendelín Sokol, violinist († August 9, 1858) March 5 - Bedrich Moser, humorist, editor and publisher († February 21, 1864) March 8 - Josef Ondřej Liboslav Rettig, monk, botanist and educator († June 30, 1871) March 10 - Petr Mužák, high school professor of calligraphy and drawing († February 8, 1892) March 14 - William Gabler, educator, journalist and politician († February 27, 1897) March 17 - Josef Machek, Member of the Czech Landtag, Mayor of Chrudim († April 19, 1899) April 11 - František Čupr, philosopher, pedagogue and politician († June 28, 1882) April 15 - Adalbert Theodor Michel, Professor of Law and Rector of the Universities of Olomouc and Graz († August 30, 1877) May 19 - Ferdinand Urbanek, sugar businessman († October 27, 1887) May 30 - Jan Larisch-Mönnich, nobleman, businessman and politician († June 3, 1884) June 23 - William Platzer, priest and politician († October 27, 1888) June 28 - Maxmilian Mareček, composer, conductor and opera businessman of Czech origin († May 14, 1897) July 11 - Johann Maresch, businessman and politician of German nationality (†? 1914) July 15 - Henry Wankel, physician, archaeologist and speleologist († April 5, 1897) July 20 - Franz Vogl, composer and educator († December 30, 1891) August 9 - Heinrich Landesmann, German-speaking deafblind poet and philosopher († December 4, 1902) August 31 Václav Hugo Zavrtal, composer, military bandleader and clarinetist († September 8, 1899) Gustav Vacek, academic painter († October 1, 1894) September 4 - Josef Niederle, Member of the Czech Landtag and Mayor of Lanškroun († August 29, 1894) October 19 - Charlotte Weyrother-Mohr Piepenhagen, painter and patron († January 3, 1902) October 31 - Karel Havlíček Borovský, writer, journalist and politician († July 29, 1856) November 3 - Hugo Göttl, Member of the Czech Parliament († August 26, 1896) November 15 - Jan Nowopacký, painter († August 3, 1908) November 21 - Josef Hilbert, painter († May 8, 1897) December 11 - Antonín Mušek, diva

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