1871

Article

October 25, 2021

1871 (MDCCCLXXI) was a year which, according to the Gregorian calendar, began on Sunday.

Events

Česko

June 11 - Vltavan Association is founded September 19 - The first 1,146-meter-long Vinohrady Railway Tunnel is put into operation in Prague October 29 - Opening of the Třebíč Grammar School December 14 - The Emperor Franz Josef Railway Station is opened in Prague Unsuccessful agreement on Austrian-Czech settlement, so-called fundamental articles Journalist and writer Václav Vlček began publishing the cultural, scientific and political monthly Osvěta

Předlitavsko

February 6 - The government of Karl von Hohenwart takes office October 30 - The government of Ludwig von Holzgethan takes office November 28 - Adolf von Auersperg's government takes office (until February 15, 1879)

World

January 18 - King William I of Prussia is proclaimed Emperor of Germany in the Hall of Mirrors at the French castle of Versailles. There was a unification of Germany and the proclamation of the German Empire. March 18 - Proclamation of the Paris Commune March 21 - Otto von Bismarck becomes the first German Chancellor March 26 - Queen Victoria opens the Royal Albert Hall in London May 10 - The Prussian-French War ends May 21 - The world's first cog railway is put into operation in Switzerland, the Vitznau-Rigi-Bahn May 22 - 28 - During the Blood Week in Paris, several thousand people died May 29 - Fall of the Paris Commune June - The French poet and revolutionary Eugène Pottier wrote the text of the International July 20 - British Columbia becomes the sixth Canadian province August 31 - Adolphe Thiers becomes the first French president November 7 - London was telegraphed to Australian Darwin

Ongoing events

1870–1871 - Prussian-French War

Science and art

May 3 - The first issue of Vesmír magazine is published December 24 - Giuseppe Verdi's opera Aida premieres in Cairo, Egypt W. S. Jevons and Carl Menger independently published works that started the marginalist revolution in economics. Thomas Adams patented a machine for making chewing gum; later broke through with his brand Tutti Frutti

Books

Lewis Carroll - Behind the mirror and what Alenka found there Jules Verne - Floating city Jules Verne - They broke through the blockade Jules Verne - Uncle Robinson Émile Zola - Uncle Robinson

Birth

Česko

January 01 - Antonín Svěcený, politician († December 12, 1941) January 16 - Franz Röttel, Czechoslovak politician of German nationality († November 5, 1924) January 19 - Jaroslav Hilbert, playwright, writer († May 10, 1936) January 22 - Karel Fiala, actor († July 27, 1931) January 24 Jiří Karásek from Lvovice, poet, writer and critic († March 5, 1951) Karel Sáblík, politician († December 16, 1932) January 25 - Ferdinand Jirásek, politician († August 8, 1931) January 31 - Bohumil Tomáš, conductor and composer († September 6, 1945) February 12 - František Šamberger, Professor of Dermatovenerology at Charles University († December 9, 1944) February 14 - Alexandr Kantor, theater actor, director and playwright († September 6, 1929) February 28 - Josef Ladislav Němec, goldsmith, jeweler and designer († July 17, 1943) March 03 - Jaroslav Feyfar, physician and photographer († March 19, 1935) March 6 - Josef Melzer, organ builder († November 29, 1958) March 07 - Božena Ecksteinová, Social Democratic politician († May 22, 1930) March 13 - Elemír Vollay, politician († May 21, 1946) 14th March Marie Gardavská, painter of Haná folklore († June 6, 1937) Josef Povondra, gendarmerie major, founder of the first dactyloscopic collection († July 8, 1940) March 15 - Františka Skaunicová, politician († January 4, 1923) March 16 - V

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