1907

Article

May 20, 2022

1907 (MCMVII) was a year that, according to the Gregorian calendar, began on Tuesday.

Events

Česko

April 27 - Břevnov is promoted to a town. May 14 and May 23 - First elections to the Austrian Reich Council according to universal suffrage. In the Czech lands, the most successful Czech agrarians (28 seats) were ahead of the Czech Social Democrats (24 seats) and German agrarians (19 seats) June 28 - On July 1, the 5th All-Sokol Rally was held in Letná, Prague September 15 - The first permanent cinema in the Czech lands opens in the House at the Blue Pike in Prague On October 24, the change of line K to line 5 began the rebranding of Prague tram lines from lettering to numbering. The carmaker Laurin & Klement (today's Škoda Auto) has become a joint-stock company. A tourist hut was built in Říp next to the rotunda, which still serves as a picnic restaurant. The AFK Union Žižkov sports club was founded. The SFC Opava football club was founded In the spring, the construction of the Nemotice – Koryčany railway line began.

World

October 31 - Entente cordiale extended by Russia to Trojodhod. Oklahoma has joined the United States. William Willett submitted the first proposal for daylight saving time. New Zealand has become a domini. August 1 - First Scout Camp begins (considered the beginning of Scouting) There was a banking and stock market (and subsequently economic) crisis in the USA. Royal Dutch Shell is founded First car race from Beijing to Paris

Science and art

November 20 - Fyodor Shalyapin debuts at the Metropolitan Opera in the title role of Mephistopheles at Boit's Opera. November 24 - The Municipal Vinohrady Theater in Prague opened with the performance of a play by Jaroslav Vrchlický Godiv Chemical element lutetium discovered B. L. Rosing described the first television system. Matschie's kangaroo discovered

Nobel Prize

for literature: Rudyard Kipling (Great Britain) for Medicine: Charles Louis Alphonse Laveran (France) for Physics: Albert Abraham Michelson (USA) for Chemistry: Eduard Buchner (Germany) for Peace: Ernesto Teodoro Moneta (Italy) and Louis Renault (France)

Birth

Česko

January 17 - František Junek, Czechoslovak football representative († March 19, 1970) January 22 - Jan Fischer, painter and illustrator († January 8, 1960) January 31 - Otto Jírovec, parasitologist († March 7, 1972) February 7 - Bohuš Heran, cello virtuoso and music educator († May 4, 1968) February 11 - Josef Šafařík, philosopher, essayist and playwright († April 23, 1992) February 17 - William Sacher, general and writer († August 14, 1987) February 18 - Ludvík Klímek, painter and businessman († July 31, 1959) February 21 - Oldřich Kovář, opera singer († April 5, 1967) February 24 - Oldřich Palkovský, composer and pedagogue († May 13, 1983) February 27 - Bohumil Říha, writer († December 15, 1987) March 1 - Antonín Vodička, Czechoslovak football representative († August 9, 1975) March 2 František Mrázek Dobiáš, evangelical theologian, translator and pedagogue († October 2, 1972) Augustin Schramm, Communist functionary and NKVD agent († May 27, 1948) March 6 - Nina Bonhard, writer and journalist († June 30, 1981) March 19 - Jan Stallich, cameraman († June 14, 1973) March 28 - Bohuslav Niederle, surgeon († May 12, 2000) 1st April Walter Kaufmann, American musicologist, composer and conductor, born in the Czech Republic († September 9, 1984) Vlasta Štáflová, writer († 14 February 1945) April 2 - Emilie Bednářová, writer († February 26, 1998) April 7 - Karel Sokolář, Czechoslovak football representative († July 4, 1970) April 12 - Hans Hofer, Czech-Austrian actor and director († April 26, 1973) April 13 - Elena Halkova, h