1912

Article

May 28, 2022

1912 (MCMXII) was a year that, according to the Gregorian calendar, began on Monday.

Events

Czechia January 5 - The Municipal House in Prague was ceremoniously opened June 27 - July 4 - VI. All-Sokol Rally September 2 - operation began on the first line of the Silesian Land Railways A. B. Svojsík laid the foundations of Czech scouting by publishing the book Basics of Youth and organized the first scout camp at the Orlovy game preserve near Lipnice nad Sázavou. Forest Wisdom League founded January 1 - The Qing dynasty is overthrown in China and the Republic of China is proclaimed. January 18 - British polar explorer Robert Falcon Scott reaches the South Pole with his expedition. January - The Bolsheviks in Russia became independent, adopting the name SDDSR (b) March 21 - SMS Tegetthoff battleship launched April 15 - The Titanic sank on its first voyage in the North Atlantic November 28 - Albania declares independence Arizona and New Mexico became part of the United States Mount Vesuvius eruption the Balkan War began Polish biochemist Kazimierz Funk discovered the first vitamin The French are conquering Morocco The Italians are conquering Libya "Hague Opium Conference" convened

Science and art

the architects issued a futuristic manifesto Jack Judge and Harry Williams composed the It's a Long Way to Tipperary march V. Kaplan designs a water turbine with extension blades in Brno The first long-distance cable with tube amplifiers with a length of 350 km was put into operation between New York and Washington.

Technique

Start of operations (August 1) at the highest built stop in Europe (3,454 m above sea level) on the Jungfraujoch of Jungfraubahn in Switzerland.

Nobel Prize

for literature: Gerhart Hauptmann for medicine: Alexis Carrel - for work on vascular and organ transplantation for physics: Nils Gustaf Dalén - invention of automatic regulators for lighting beacons and buoys for Chemistry: Victor Grignard and Paul Sabatier - Discoveries in Organic Chemistry for Peace: Elih Root - Creating a World Magistrates' Court

Birth

Česko

January 16 - Bedřich Švestka, physician and politician, Rector of Charles University († September 6, 1990) January 17 - Stanislav Sůva, architect († March 18, 1987) January 20 - Jindřich Brok, photographer († August 11, 1995) January 21 - Marie Kodovská, Czech naive painter and poet († November 12, 1992) January 27 - František Šterc, Czechoslovak football representative († October 31, 1978) January 28 - Jaroslav Pesan, soldier and member of the Platinum-Pewter airdrop († August 11, 1972) January 29 Josef Krejčí, Minister of Governments of Czechoslovakia (†?) František Švantner, Slovak writer († October 13, 1950) February 6 - Zdeněk Dopita, theater director († June 21, 1977) February 8 - Vojtěch Věchet, Czechoslovak football representative († September 6, 1988) February 9 - Rudolf Vytlačil, football player and national team coach († June 1, 1977) February 11th Rudolf Firkušný, world-renowned pianist († July 19, 1994) František Krasl, photographer († December 13, 1998) February 15 - Bohdan Lacina, painter († July 6, 1971) 22nd February Emil Kotrba, painter († February 21, 1983) Vratislav Čech, Czechoslovak football representative († September 8, 1974) February 23 Truda Grosslicht, actress and singer († June 8, 1995) Josef Strnadel, writer and literary theorist († March 4, 1986) František Široký, soldier and member of the Calcium airdrop († May 30, 1976) February 24 Július Kowalski, composer († June 2, 2003) Jiří Trnka, artist, illustrator, sculptor, screenwriter, puppeteer († December 30, 1969) February 27 Nataša Gollová, actress († October 29, 1988) Karel Svoboda, theater director and actor († March 30, 1982) March 3 - Bohumil Vít Tajovský, abbot of the Želiv Monastery and