1921

Article

December 3, 2021

1921 (MCMXXI) was a year that, according to the Gregorian calendar, began on Saturday.

Events

Czechoslovakia January 15 - The Czechoslovak Legionary Community is founded. February 15 - 1st Czechoslovak Census. April 2 - Trams are terminated in Těšín (now Český Těšín and Cieszyn). 14-16 May - Constituent Congress of the Communist Party. The merging congress of the Czechoslovak, German and Polish sections took place from October 30 to November 2. September 26 - President Masaryk appoints the 5th Czechoslovak government (the government of Edvard Beneš) February 21 - Colonel Reza Khan staged a coup d'état in Persia that marked the end of the Qadar Shah. March 18 - The Russo-Polish War ends with the signing of the Treaty of Riga (interim peace treaty concluded on October 12, 1920) July 11 - Mongolia declares independence. July 28 - Adolf Hitler becomes the first chairman of the NSDAP. August 24 - A British ZR-2 airship breaks into the air at Hull, UK, killing 62 people. October 20 - Based on the results of the referendum, Germany surrenders to Poland in the eastern part of the Prussian province of Upper Silesia. October 21 - The second attempt of the emperor Charles I to return at least to the Hungarian throne. December 6 - Ireland declares independence. Sun Jat-sen became the proper president of the Republic of China. The song İstiklâl Marşı was approved as the Turkish anthem. The Communist Party of China was founded. The League of Nations has decided that the Åland Islands will remain an autonomous and demilitarized part of Finland.

Science and art

October 23 - Premiere of Leoš Janáček's 6th Opera Káťa Kabanová in Brno on the theme of the play Storm by Alexander Nikolajevič Ostrovský. November 5 - The Tyl Theater in Nusle began its activities. November 13 - A film with Rudolf Valentin Sheikh goes to American cinemas Literary group founded.

Nobel Prize

for literature: Anatole France (France) for medicine: not awarded this year for physics: Albert Einstein for chemistry: Walther Hermann Nernst (Germany) - work in the field of thermochemistry for Peace: Karl Hjalmar Branting (Sweden) and Christian Louis Lange (Norway)

Birth

Česko

January 1 - Václav Pleskot, Chairman of the Czechoslovak Olympic Committee († September 29, 2012) January 5 - Jiří Tlustý, engineer and scientist in the field of mechanical engineering research († October 20, 2002) January 10 - Vaclav Vejsada, writer († August 14, 1984) January 11 - Antonín Bartušek, poet, museologist, translator and art historian († April 24, 1974) January 12 - Felix Maria Davídek, secretly ordained bishop († August 16, 1988) January 13 - Werner Forman, photographer († February 13, 2010) January 15 - Zdeněk Stránský, actor († May 7, 1945) January 25 - Josef Holeček, canoeist, Olympian who won two gold medals († February 20, 2005) January 26 - František Chaun, composer, pianist, singer, painter and actor († December 30, 1981) January 27 - Vladimír Beneš, neurosurgeon and writer († July 18, 2021) January 28 - Milos Willig, actor († August 23, 1979) January 31 Oleg Homola, literary scholar, writer and politician († December 8, 2001) Pravomil Raichl, anti-fascist and anti-communist fighter († February 25, 2002) February 4 - Jan Machoň, writer, journalist and politician († April 27, 1994) February 5th Josef Pukl, organist, pianist and composer († 23 December 2006) Jaroslav Kofroň, horn player, composer († July 22, 1966) February 7 František Penc, Minister of Mining of the Governments of Czechoslovakia and diplomat († 16 April 1972) Zdeněk Chlup, architect and politician († March 21, 2002) February 10 - Theodor Reimann, Czechoslovak national football team († August 30, 1982) February 11 - Vladimír Kovářík, Czech painter, illustrator and graphic artist († 6. �

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