1952

Article

January 24, 2022

1952 (MCMLII) was the year that, according to the Gregorian calendar, began on Tuesday.

Events

Czechoslovakia the construction of the Lipno dam was started On April 7, a military special from Indochina landed at Prague's Ruzyne Airport with Czechoslovak soldiers involved in the fighting against the Viet-Minh during the Indochinese war in the ranks of the French Foreign Legion. April 26 - Trams are terminated in Mariánské Lázně At the Summer Olympic Games in Helsinki (July 19 - August 3), Emil Zátopek won three gold medals in the 5 km, 10 km and marathon races, and the four with a helmsman led by Jiří Havlis, he acquired Stanislav Lusk, Karel Mejta, Jan Jindra and Miroslav Koranda On September 1, the Česká LípaSvět Secondary Industrial School was founded On 6 February, Elizabeth II ascended the throne of the United Kingdom. On February 18, Greece and Turkey joined NATO. On 25 April, Württemberg-Baden merged with the French occupation zones of Baden and Württemberg-Hohenzollern in Germany to form Baden-Württemberg. On April 28, the occupation administration of Japan ended. On July 23, the GDR was transformed into a centralist state and the countries that were divided among the established regions were abolished. He started on October 5 in Moscow XIX. the VKS (b) congress, which was the last congress in Stalin's lifetime. The party was renamed the Communist Party of the Soviet Union. October 8 - Three trains crash in Harrow, killing 112 people. On October 17, Josemaría Escrivá de Balaguer founded the University of Navarre. On November 1, the United States carried out the first hydrogen bomb explosion on Eniwetok Atoll. The Great Smog began in London on December 4 (lasted until March 1953). German anthem accepted

Science and art

September 26 - premiere of the film Proud Princess (directed by Bořivoj Zeman) October 6 - Premiere of the detective game Agatha Christie The Mousetrap in London, which is still playing October 23 - Premiere of Chaplin's film Ramp Lights in New York November 6 - Premiere of Kara Karayev's Seven Beauties in Baku at the M. F. Achundov Opera and Ballet Theater November 17 - Czechoslovak Academy of Sciences (CSAV) established November 20 - World premiere of George Axelrod's comedy "Seven Year Itch" at the Fulton Theater in New York first synthetic paper made (from synthetic fibers) new elements einsteinium and fermium were discovered

Nobel Prize

Physics - Felix Bloch, Edward Mills Purcell (both USA, for research into methods for accurate measurements of magnetic properties of atomic nuclei) Chemistry - Archer John Porter Martin, Richard Laurence Millington Synge (both UK, for the invention of the partition chromatography method) Medicine - Selman Abraham Waksman (USA, for the discovery of streptomycin, the first antibiotic effective against tuberculosis). Literature - François Mauriac (France) Peace - Albert Schweitzer (France, founder of the hospital in Lambaréné)

Birth

Česko

January 3 - Pavel Medek, Czech economist and translator († February 2, 2015) January 4 - Čestmír Suška, sculptor, director January 5 - Jiří Wolf, political prisoner, anti-communist, author of fairy tale books January 6 Oldřich Kašpar, Czech historian, ethnologist, Ibero-Americanist Martin Braniš, Czech naturalist, zoologist († September 27, 2013) January 9 - Marek Zvelebil, Czech-British archaeologist († July 7, 2011) January 10 - Jaroslav Slípka, Czech otorhinolaryngologist January 11 - Věra Wajsarová, Czech singer January 16 - Rostislav Švácha, historian and theorist of art and architecture January 23 Pavel Hůla, Czech violinist and music pedagogue († December 7, 2021) Jaroslav Pouzar, Czechoslovak hockey forward Petr Spilka, spokesman of the Dukovany nuclear power plant and politician January 29 Valérie Čižmárová, Czech singer of Slovak origin († 7. b

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