1971 (MCMLXXI) was a year that, according to the Gregorian calendar, began on Friday.
For an automatic alphabetical list, see Category: Events of 1971, Czechoslovakia
In Toronto, Canada, Josef Škvorecký and his wife Zdena Salivarová founded the exile publishing house '68 Publishers.
January 3 - Workers of the ČKD Tatra Smíchov plant presented a prototype of the R1 type set for the Prague metro. A total of two prototype units were produced, but they have not been preserved. Back in 1971, it was decided that Soviet Ečs trains would run in the Prague metro instead.
25-29 May - The 14th Congress of the Communist Party took place in the Industrial Palace in Prague in a fully normalizing spirit, which approved the plan of the 5th Five-Year Plan for the years 1971–1975. There were major personnel changes in the Central Committee of the Communist Party. The party's extraordinary Vysočina congress in September 1968 was declared invalid. Gustáv Husák was elected general secretary of the party.
July 12 - Deputy Prime Minister Ján Gregor put into operation the first section of the D1 motorway from Prague to Mirošovice, 23 km long, in Spořilov. At the same time, a feeder was opened from Mirošovice to Benešov on road no. 3 in the direction of Tábor and České Budějovice, which diverted transit traffic from the old Benešov road.
27-29 July - At the CMEA meeting in Bucharest, a comprehensive program for deepening cooperation between member states was adopted, the implementation of which led Czechoslovakia in the following years to further economic lag behind the states of Western Europe.
September 1 - The construction of the largest panel housing estate in the Czech Republic - Jižní Město - began at the Hájů cadastre in Prague 4.
26-27 November - After 7 years, general elections were held for the Federal Assembly, both national councils and all levels of national committees. On election day, the territory of Brno was expanded by 9 municipalities.
December 9 - President Ludvík Svoboda appoints a new federal government led by Lubomír Štrougal. The Presidency of the Czech National Council appointed the Government of the Czechoslovak Republic led by Josef Korčák. The Presidency of the Slovak National Council appointed the Government of the SSR led by Petr Colotka
Rudolf Gnägi became President of Switzerland
Ban on cigarette advertising on television in the United States
Ban on US advertising for cigarettes
In Glasgow, Scotland, a football match allowed one of the barriers on the grandstand's stairs, killing 66 people and injuring around 20.
January 15 - The construction of the Aswan Dam on the Nile is completed in Egypt after 11 years.
January 25 - President Milton Obote is overthrown in a bloodless coup in Uganda. Idi Amin became the new president for 8 years.
January 25 - The 18th Indian state of Himachal Pradesh is formed in northern India.
February 2 - The Ramsar Convention on Wetlands is signed in Ramsar, Iran, and the day becomes World Wetlands Day. Czechoslovakia added to the convention in 1990.
January 31 - Apollo 14 kicks off as part of the Apollo program, during which humans landed on the moon's surface for the third time.
February 4 - After financial difficulties, Rolls-Royce is declared bankrupt and taken over by the British government.
Women's suffrage was enacted in Switzerland. In the October parliamentary elections, 8 women were elected.
In the Italian city of Tuscania, 31 people died during the earthquake.
Polish politician Władysław Gomułka resigned from all his positions.
February 17 - In Yugoslavia, 33 people die and 117 are injured in a train fire in the Vranduk tunnel.
February 20 - A tornado in the US state of Mississippi kills 74 people.
February 26 - UN Secretary-General U Thant declares the day of the vernal equinox as Earth Day.
Military coup in Turkey
Hafiz al-Assad becomes President of Syria.
March 18 - In Peru