1972 (MCMLXXII) was the year that, according to the Gregorian calendar, began on Saturday.
For an automatic alphabetical list, see Category: Events in Czechoslovakia
Between the Úpa and Metuje rivers south of Česká Skalica in the Náchod district in the East Bohemian Region, the Rozkoš reservoir was completed and filled, which is also called the "East Bohemian Sea" due to its area of over 10 km2. Preparations for construction began in 1951, but were completed a year later and reopened in 1964. It is fed by a water supply from the river Úpa pod Babiččiným údolím and a duplicate feeder from Metuje, the outflow is provided via Rozkošský brook to the river Metuje in the area of the village of Velká Jesenice. The total construction costs reached almost CZK 100 million.
January 1 - The territory of the capital of the Slovak Socialist Republic, Bratislava, was significantly expanded. From the West Slovakian region, district Bratislava - Podunajské Biskupice, Vrakuňa, Devín, Devínská Nová Ves, Záhorská Bystrica, Čunovo, Jarovce and Rusovce were added to the countryside. Bratislava thus reached today's territorial scope.
January 27 - A Yugoslav Airlines plane (flight JAT 367) on the Stockholm-Belgrade route exploded after 4 pm and the machine crashed into the area of Srbská Kamenice in the Děčín district. 27 passengers and crew died on the spot. The disaster was survived by flight attendant Vesna Vulović, who became the only survivor of the fall from a height of over 10 km. The Croatian organization of national resistance, Ustaša, applied for the placement of the charge.
7-22 April - The Ice Hockey World Championship was held in Prague, where the Czechoslovak team won a gold medal.
April 18 - The hijackers Karel Doležal and Antonín Lerch seize the Slovair aircraft on the Prague - Mariánské Lázně route and, under threat of shooting and detonating an explosive, forced the pilots to change the direction of the flight to Nuremberg. During the abduction, Karel Doležal shot the first of the pilots. After landing in Nuremberg, passengers and crew returned to Czechoslovakia, the kidnappers were sentenced in Germany to 7 years in prison and later obtained political asylum in the GDR.
May 3 - A new tire factory was opened in Otrokovice in the Zlín region on the occasion of the anniversary of the liberation of the town by the Red Army. The plant, which was established on an area of 13 hectares, was to have sufficient capacity to supply Czechoslovakia with quality, then deficient tires. On the occasion of his visit to the South Moravian Region, Gustáv Husák, Secretary General of the Central Committee of the Communist Party, also attended the opening ceremony.
May 31 - June 1 - A pro-regime association of Czech writers was established at Dobříš Castle. Jan Kozák was appointed to head it.
June 8 - A group of 10 people hijacked a plane on the Mariánské Lázně - Prague route in an attempt to emigrate to West Germany. During the abduction, one of the perpetrators shot the captain of the plane, Ján Mičica. The group then brutally forced the co-pilot to land in Weiden. The extraordinary brutality of the crime also provoked contempt in Western countries. German participants arrested all participants, the main organizer and murderer Lubomír Adamica was hanged in custody on January 14, 1973, and the others were sentenced in December 1973 by a German court to 5-12 years in prison.
July - August - Trials of 47 domestic opposition leaders were sentenced to 118 years in prison.
August 26 - The Bridge of the Slovak National Uprising, which became a major landmark of the city, was put into operation in Bratislava on the occasion of the upcoming anniversary of the SNP. The opening was also attended by the Secretary General of the Central Committee of the Communist Party, a native of Bratislava, Gustáv Husák, together with the highest