August 2

Article

August 14, 2022

August 2nd is the 214th day of the year according to the Gregorian calendar (215th in a leap year). There are 151 days left until the end of the year.

Events

Czechia

1892 – The currency reform in the territory of Austria-Hungary introduced the koruna instead of the previous gold as currency with effect from January 1, 1900. 2002 – Police officer Ján Mato was stabbed by the Russian Alexander Kručinin in the Prague subway.

World

338 BC - King Philip II of Macedonia he crushed the combined forces of Athens, Thebes, and their allies at the Battle of Chaironeia. 216 BC – Punic Wars: At the Battle of Cannae, Hannibal Barcus defeats a larger Roman army under the joint command of the consuls Lucius Aemilius Paullus and Gaius Terentius Varra. 1798 – Napoleonic Wars: The destruction of the French fleet at the Battle of Aboukir derails Napoleon's campaign in Egypt and Syria. 1903 – Ottoman Empire: The Ilinden Rebellion against Ottoman rule breaks out in Macedonia. 1923 – After the death of US President Warren G. Harding, Vice President Calvin Coolidge took his place. 1930 – Establishment of airborne troops of the USSR. 1934 - After the death of President Hindenburg, Adolf Hitler named himself the German Leader ("Führer"). 1940 – The 303rd Fighter Squadron of the exiled Polish Air Force in Great Britain is founded. 1943 – About 300 prisoners managed to escape during the uprising in the Treblinka extermination camp. 1944 – On the night of August 3, the Nazis liquidated the so-called Gypsy family camp, part of the Auschwitz-Birkenau concentration camp. On this basis, the Memorial Day of the Roma Holocaust is commemorated. 1945 The Potsdam Conference ended with the Potsdam Agreement. The USSR transferred almost all of Prussian Silesia east of the Oder-Neisse line, including Krosensk, to the administration of Poland. 1990 – The Iraqi army invades Kuwait, starting the Gulf War.

Birth

See also Category:Births on August 2 — automatic alphabetical list.

Czechia

1750 – Dominik Oesterreicher, late Baroque painter (d. March 12, 1809) 1827 – Josef David, dean of the theological faculty in Olomouc († April 3, 1889) 1838 – Prokop Sedlák, member of the Czech Land Assembly († January 5, 1920) 1848 – Josef Šmaha, actor and director († May 11, 1915) 1850 – Josef Lacina (Kolda Malínský), historian and writer († June 21, 1908) 1854 – Artur Kraus, entrepreneur, popularizer of astronomy, pioneer of sports and technical innovations († March 21, 1930) 1869 – Josef Grus, draftsman, promoter of tourism († February 8, 1938) 1877 – Vincenc Červinka, journalist, columnist and translator († October 2, 1942) 1878 – Marie Votrubová-Haunerová, poet, playwright and translator (d. May 23, 1957) 1880 – Gustav Švamberg, lawyer, rector of the Czech Technical University († January 24, 1959) 1884 – Josef Ježek, Minister of the Interior in the protectorate government of Alois Eliáš († 1969) 1889 – Ignác Händl, organist and music composer (d. March 17, 1954) 1901 Karel Kinský, painter, graphic artist and regional worker († March 28, 1969) František Heřmánek, writer, poet and radio operator († September 15, 1946) 1921 – Václav Jíra, football representative († November 9, 1992) 1926 – Gustav Oplustil, screenwriter and occasional actor 1927 – Karel Mareš, music composer, director, pianist († November 14, 2011) 1932 Bedřich Dlouhý, painter Emanuel Mandler, editor, journalist, historian, political scientist and politician (d. January 22, 2009) 1935 – Pavel Juráček, film director († May 20, 1989) 1940 – Martin Hampl, geographer 1946 – Jaroslava Pokorná, actress 1949 – Olga Sommerová, documentary filmmaker 1951 – Rudolf Kufa, politician and member of the board of the Supreme Audit Office 1954 – Jiří Vyvadil, lawyer and politician 1968 – Iveta Toušlová, journalist and presenter 1973 – Jiří Zídek, professional basketball player