November 20

Article

December 3, 2021

November 20 is the 324th day of the year according to the Gregorian calendar (325th leap year). 41 days left until the end of the year.

Events

Česko

1938 - Representatives of Czechoslovakia and Nazi Germany sign a protocol on the form of a new state border between the two countries. 1944 - The most destructive Allied raid on the city of Brno. According to official figures, 474 planes dropped bombs, killing hundreds of houses and destroying thousands. The Americans considered the raid after the end of World War II. world wars apologized. 1950 - The Minister of Culture Zdeněk Nejedlý appointed Karel Ančerl as the head of the Czech Philharmonic Orchestra, which aroused the displeasure of the orchestra's musicians, who exchanged the right to speak in such fundamental decisions. 1952 - A political trial begins with Rudolf Slánský, prepared on the basis of initiatives from Moscow. The process took a week. 1960 - A planetarium is opened in the Royal Game Reserve in Prague.

World

0284 - Diocletian was elected Roman emperor and pharaoh. 1789 - New Jersey is the first state in the Union to ratify the Bill of Rights 1873 - The Hungarian capital Budapest is established by merging the cities of Buda and Pest. 1917 - Ukraine declared a republic. 1940 - WWII: Hungary, Romania and Slovakia join the Berlin-Rome-Tokyo Axis Powers. 1945 - The Nuremberg Trials are launched in Nuremberg, Germany, against 22 Nazi leaders involved in the Holocaust and other war crimes. 1968 - The Territorial Defense Staff, established in Yugoslavia as a result of the Warsaw Pact invasion of Czechoslovakia in August, is established in Slovenia. 1991 - Massacre on the Ovčara farm (Croatia). 1998 - The first module of the ISS Zarya space station is launched into space from the Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan on a Proton rocket. 2002 - The European Parliament in Brussels concludes that the decrees of President Beneš are not an obstacle to the Czech Republic's accession to the European Union from the point of view of European law.

Birth

Česko

1817 - Friedrich Wiener, Austrian and Czech lawyer and politician of German nationality († March 9, 1887) 1829 - Bohdan Neureutter, Czech pediatrician, professor at Charles University († April 13, 1899) 1842 - Kristian Petrlík, professor of civil engineering, rector of the Czech Technical University († March 31, 1908) 1848 - Otakar Feistmantel, geologist and paleontologist († February 10, 1891) 1858 - František Topič, publisher († March 25, 1936) 1862 - Josef Theurer, Czech physicist and mathematician († September 7, 1927) 1863 - Josef Opletal, forester († December 18, 1953) 1868 - Josef Kubelka, Czech poet († July 20, 1894) 1875 - Josef Rotnágl, Czechoslovak politician († December 2, 1958) 1881 Josef Böhm, composer, organist and choirmaster († January 8, 1967) Ladislav Pfuster, Czech poet and translator († 1915) 1884 - Josef Rozsíval, Czech actor († August 15, 1941) 1885 - Bohumil Holý, teacher, stenographer and author of All-Slavic († April 3, 1947) 1893 - Felix Tauer, Czech Orientalist († March 17, 1981) 1895 - Alois Liška, Czech general († February 7, 1977) 1897 - Benjamin Klicka, physician and writer († December 26, 1943) 1900 - František Vladimír Foit, Czech sculptor, ethnographer and traveler († 31 August 1971) 1901 - František Michl, Czech painter-landscape painter, designer and graphic artist († June 4, 1977) 1909 - Josef Štafl, Czech master confectioner († 16 February 2005) 1912 - Jiří Štuchal, cabaret and circus actor, entertainer and entertainer († March 2, 1979) 1914 - Jan Černý, Czech student and student official executed by the Gestapo († 17 November 1939) 1918 - Jan Zuska, poet and musician († April 24, 1979) 1920 - Miroslav Tichý, painter and photographer († April 12, 2011) 1923 František Pavlíček, Czech playwright and screenwriter († September 29, 2004) Josef Mleziva, chemical engineer

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