July 22


August 14, 2022

July 22 is the 203rd day of the year according to the Gregorian calendar (204th in a leap year). There are 162 days left until the end of the year. It's Magdalene's holiday.



1270 – It rained non-stop in Bohemia from July 22 until mid-September. Floods, crop failures, and dearness of grain were the consequences; there was too much wine (according to the period almanac) 1290 – King Wenceslas II. he acquired the Principality of Wroclaw as a fief. 1781 – Czech music composer Vincenc Mašek marries a nine-year-younger student, Maria Johanna Nepomucena Ludmila Sibila Vincencia, née Prausová, an excellent player of the then fashionable instrument - the glass harmonica. 1848 – The Austrian Constituent Assembly met for the first time in Vienna, with the participation of 138 deputies from the Czech lands. 55 Czech and 35 German MPs from Bohemia, 20 Czech and 18 German MPs from Moravia and 1 Czech and 9 German MPs from Silesia were elected to the Diet. The task of the Diet was to draft and approve a constitution for the monarchy. 1927 – Ondřej Sekora's character Ferda Ant appeared in the magazine Pestrý týden for the first time in a comic story about a drunk ant. At that time, the character was not intended for children and did not have a polka dot scarf. 1928 – RJ Orchestra conducted by dr. He recorded the first gramophone records of J. Krupka and Otokar Pařík. 1934 – Konrad Henlein held a public speech in Šluknov attended by 12,000 people. 1955 – Premiere of the Czech historical film Jan Žižek directed by Otakar Vávra based on the work of the writer Alois Jirásk. The film is the second part of the Hussite trilogy Jan Hus, Jan Žižka and Against All. 1963 – The poetic wine bar Viola on Prague's Národní třída opened its doors in the band Whom Jazz Belongs To. 1994 – The Czech premiere of the world-famous musical Jesus Christ Superstar by Andrew Lloyd Webber and Tim Rice took place in the Spirála Theater at the Prague Exhibition Center. Over four years, the musical saw a total of 1,288 reruns. 1998 President Václav Havel appointed the minority one-color government of Miloš Zeman, which gained support in the parliament thanks to the so-called opposition agreement concluded between the two largest parties in the republic - the left-wing ČSSD and the right-wing ODS A flood started in eastern Bohemia, during which 7 people died. 2015 – 3 people died in a railway accident in Studénka. It is already the second railway accident in this city (see 2008).


0259 – Dionysius became the 24th Catholic Pope, replacing Sixtus II. 1209 – During the Albigensian Crusade, a massacre occurred in the city of Béziers. 1298 – At the Battle of Falkirk, King Edward I of England defeats the Scots led by William Wallace. 1456 – The siege of Belgrade by the troops of Ottoman Sultan Mehmed II was ended. 1793 - Scottish explorer Alexander Mackenzie completed crossing the American continent by reaching the Pacific Ocean. 1868 – Angry Czechs leave the Austro-Hungarian Senate in protest 1894 – The first Paris-Rouen automobile race took place. 1917 – Alexander Kerensky declared Russia a democratic republic and became head of the new provisional government. 1933 – Wiley Post completed the first solo flight around the world in 7 days and 19 hours (started on July 15). 1942 – Holocaust: The deportation of Jews from the Warsaw Ghetto began. 1946 - Members of the Jewish organization Irgun carried out a bomb attack on the King David Hotel in Jerusalem, where the British administration was based. 91 Britons perished. 1962 - Mariner Program: The Mariner 1 probe had to be destroyed shortly after launch. 1992 - Drug trafficker Pablo Escobar escaped from a Colombian prison for fear of extradition to the US. 2003 – The US military strikes a residential compound in Iraq, killing Saddam Hussein's sons, Uday and Qusay. 2006 – The first episode of the world-famous trick series Prehistoric premiered on ITV1