July 24

Article

August 14, 2022

July 24 is the 205th day of the year according to the Gregorian calendar (206th in a leap year). There are 160 days left until the end of the year. It's Kristýna's holiday.

Events

Czechia

1620 – The 30,000-strong army of the Catholic League marched from the depths of Austria to Bohemia to suppress the Czech estate uprising. 1650 – Emperor Ferdinand III. issued an order to celebrate the solemn Te Deum mass in all churches of Bohemia and Moravia to celebrate peace. 1744 – According to the treaty of alliance between Emperor Charles VII. and Frederick II. part of the right bank of the Elbe with Cologne and Pardubice was annexed to Prussia. 1848 – In the Reichstag, deputy Hans Kudlich from Silesia submitted a proposal to abolish serfdom. 1891 – Premiere of Rákoš Rákoczy's ballet at the National Theater in Prague to the music of Leoš Janáček 1917 – Fire at the tar factory in Brno-Králov Pol. The factory completely burned down 1919 – University of Agriculture (VŠZ) founded in Brno 1949 – During the ambush of a scout camp in the Jizera Mountains, State Security shot two people as part of the Jizerka event. 1956 - The government decided that the army would be reduced by 10,000 men. 1973 – Singer Jiří Schelinger records his biggest hit by authors Zdenek Svěrák and Jaroslav Uhlíř The Pigeon House.

World

1567 – Mary Queen of Scots was forced to abdicate. 1701 – The city of Detroit (Michigan, USA) is founded. 1847 - After 17 months of travel, a group of 148 Mormons arrived in the Salt Lake Valley and founded Salt Lake City. 1866 – Tennessee becomes the first US state readmitted to the Union after the Civil War. 1911 – Hiram Bingham III. discovered the remains of the Inca settlement of Machu Picchu. 1923 – The Treaty of Lausanne determined the borders of Turkey. 1927 – A monument to the victims of the battle of the First World War was unveiled in Ypres. 1929 - The Briand-Kellogg Pact goes into effect, according to which war is unacceptable as a means of foreign policy. 1943 – World War II: Operation Gomorrah launched; British and Canadian planes bomb Hamburg at night, American planes during the day. 1967 - During an official state visit to Canada, French President Charles de Gaulle addressed a crowd of Montreal citizens: "Vive le Québec libre!" 1969 – Apollo Program: Apollo 11 successfully lands in the waters of the Pacific Ocean. 1974 – Watergate: The US Supreme Court rules that President Richard Nixon is required to release White House audio tapes to investigators. 2013 – 79 people died in a train accident near Santiago de Compostela, Spain.

Birth

See also Category:July 24th birthdays — auto-alphabetical list.

Czechia

1576 – Heřman Černín from Chudenice, nobleman, supreme court master of the Kingdom of Bohemia († March 7, 1651) 1580 – Jan Jiří Harant from Polžice and Bezdružice, nobleman († 1648) 1698 – František Jiránek, music composer († 1778) 1729 – Jakub Teplý, sculptor and carver († February 20, 1802) 1853 – Jakub Alois Jindra, volunteer firefighter († August 16, 1908) 1860 – Alfons Mucha, painter (d. July 14, 1939) 1866 – Jan Semerád, physician (d. August 28, 1926) 1868 – Antonín Hajn, journalist and politician (d. March 26, 1949) 1873 – Antonín Jakl, violinist and composer († December 20, 1948) 1885 – Karel Loevenstein, industrialist and manager († February 2, 1938) 1891 Jaroslav Čihák, general, member of the National Defense and Foreign Resistance in Great Britain († April 30, 1944) Ludwig Blum, Czech-Israeli painter († July 28, 1974) 1906 – František Hořava, sculptor and painter († May 28, 1974) 1919 – Vladimír Babula, writer († November 12, 1966) 1920 – Josef Hiršal, writer and translator (died September 15, 2003) 1926 – Zdeněk Kluzák, teacher, mycologist and writer († 2003) 1930 – Jiří Joura, writer and chronicler (�