April 26 is the 116th day of the year according to the Gregorian calendar (117th in the leap year). 249 days left until the end of the year. Nameday is Oto.
1871 - Czech premiere of Wagner's opera The Master Singers of Nuremberg in Prague.
1917 - 23 people were killed and 38 wounded during a shooting at a hungry demonstration in Prostějov.
1945 - Soviet troops of the 2nd Ukrainian Front liberate Brno.
1955 - Ceremonial unveiling of the Red Army memorial on the Red Army Square in Brno. Today's date was chosen for the anniversary of the liberation of Brno. The author of the sculpture is Vincenc Makovský.
1952 - Trams were terminated in Mariánské Lázně.
1248 - The Sainte-Chapelle chapel is consecrated in Paris by King Louis IX of France. to store the crown of thorns.
1336 - The Italian poet Francesco Petrarca ascended his mountain to Mont Ventoux with his brother, which he then described in his work Ascent to Mount Ventoux.
1478 - In the cathedral of Santa Maria del Fiore, the Pazzi family assassinates the heads of the Medici family, which controls Florence, Lorenzo I. The Medici assassin survived.
1514 - Nicolaus Copernicus observes Saturn for the first time in Frombork, Poland.
1564 - Baptism of William Shakespeare in Stratford-upon-Avon, England (exact date unknown).
1607 - An expedition from England, led by John Smith, enters American soil near Cape Henry, Virginia, to establish the first permanent settlement in the Western Hemisphere.
1654 - Jews are expelled from Brazil
1655 - The Dutch West India Company rejects Peter Stuyvesant's demand to expel Jews from New Amsterdam
1677 - Emperor Leopold I founded the University of Innsbruck
1709 - Prince Jan Vilém Friso of Orange marries Lrabrabess Maria Louisa of Hesse-Kassel. Since the end of World War II, they have been the last common ancestors of all European ruling monarchs.
1721 - A strong earthquake destroys the Iranian city of Tabriz
1799 - French Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars: Battle of the Adda River begins.
1803 - Thousands of meteor fragments fall from the sky at L'Aigle in France. The event convinced European scientists that meteors exist.
1828 - In response to the Turkish violation of the Akkerman Convention, Tsarist Russia declares war on the Ottoman Empire. The ensuing Russo-Turkish War ended the following year with a Russian victory.
1933 - The Gestapo, the official secret police force of Nazi Germany, is founded.
1937 - A raid on the Spanish village of Guernica takes place.
1943 - Witold Pilecki escapes from the Auschwitz concentration camp at night.
1963 - Tanganyika and Zanzibar together form Tanzania under Julius Nyerere.
1986 - The worst nuclear accident occurs at the Soviet Chernobyl nuclear power plant.
1841 - Julius Zeyer, writer († January 29, 1901)
1846 - Antonín Wiehl, architect, representative of historicism († November 4, 1910)
1862 - Vladimír Makovický, Czechoslovak businessman and politician († 15 February 1944)
1867 - Josef Vlasák, General and Grand Master of the Knights of the Crusaders with the Red Star († December 17, 1958)
1869 - Arnošt Hofbauer, painter and graphic artist († January 11, 1944)
1877 - Zikmund Polášek, musician († June 2, 1933)
1882 - Ernst Schollich, Czechoslovak politician, mayor of Nový Jičín († May 1945)
1886 - František Nosek, Czechoslovak lawyer, politician, interwar minister and deputy († April 17, 1935)
1888 - Hans Krebs, Sudeten German National Socialist politician († 15 February 1947)
1892 - Ludmila Hořká, writer, publicist and folklorist († October 6, 1966)
Josef Solar, graphic artist, calligrapher and painter († 1977)
Jaroslav Jankovec, conductor and composer († September 6, 1961)
1900 - Alén Diviš, painter and illustrator († November 15, 1956)
1911 - Erich Orlický, sk