May 27

Article

July 1, 2022

May 27 is the 147th day of the year according to the Gregorian calendar (148th in a leap year). There are 218 days left until the end of the year. It's Valdemar's holiday.

Events

Czechia

1471 – The Czech Diet rejected the election of Matyáš Korvín as Czech king and, on the recommendation of George of Poděbrady, recognized the succession of Vladislav Jagiellon, son of the Polish king Casimir IV. 1897 – The 1st year of the Běchovice–Prague cross-country race started. 1920 – Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk elected president of the republic for the second time. 1927 – Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk elected president of the republic for the third time. 1942 – Jozef Gabčík and Jan Kubiš assassinated Reinhard Heydrich. 2000 – The memorable Semtinská linden tree fell during a storm.

World

1308 – All members of the Templar Order in Cyprus were captured and thrown into prison 1353 – Anna Svídnická became the third wife of Charles IV in Buda. 1525 – Thomas Müntzer, leader of the insurgents in the German Peasants' War, was executed in Mühlhausen, having previously been captured after slaughtering 5,000 peasants at the Battle of Frankenhausen 1655 – English invasion of Jamaica: Spanish defenders of the island surrender, Jamaica becomes an English colony. 1703 – Tsar Peter the Great founded Saint Petersburg. 1905 – The Russo-Japanese War was decided in the Battle of Tsushima in the waters of the Korean Strait. 1930 - The Chrysler Building, the tallest building in the world, opened in Manhattan. 1937 – San Francisco's Golden Gate Bridge opened to pedestrians, to vehicular traffic the next day. 1941 – The German battleship Bismarck was sunk in the Atlantic Ocean with 2,300 people on board. 2001 – In Götzis, Austria, Czech Roman Šebrle became the first athlete to break the 9,000-point mark in the decathlon with a world record of 9,026 points. He was surpassed only by the American Ashton Eaton in June 2012 with a performance of 9039 points.

Birth

For an automatic alphabetically ordered list, see Category:Births on May 27

Czechia

1829 – Josef Kořínek, classical philologist († August 14, 1892) 1859 – Ferdinand Pečírka, professor of dermatology and venereology († January 18, 1922) 1860 – Bohumil Fidler, music composer and conductor († June 2, 1944) 1862 – Jaroslav Pospíšil, lawyer, copyright expert († January 16, 1910) 1867 – Karel Weinfurter, translator, writer, mystic and occultist († March 14, 1942) 1880 – Otomar Bistřický, Czechoslovak politician († March 18, 1949) 1882 – Thea Červenková, film director and writer († ?) 1883 – Emil Utitz, philosopher, esthetician and psychologist († November 2, 1956) 1884 – Max Brod, Prague Jewish, German-writing writer, translator and composer († December 20, 1968) 1886 – František Hák, photographer († March 1, 1974) 1887 F. Háj, writer († 25 July 1934) Alois Kubíček, architect, preservationist, architectural historian († January 8, 1970) 1895 Ferdinand Vodička, pianist, conductor, choirmaster, composer and teacher († May 18, 1953) Jiří Křížek, lawyer, victim of communist terror († 1970) André Simone, left-wing journalist, writer and politician (d. 3 December 1952) 1909 – Antonín Houba, ice hockey representative († October 16, 1986) 1910 – Václav Knotek, cryptographer of the military intelligence service, victim of communism († June 16, 1948) 1920 – Mojmír Smékal, musician and composer (died September 21, 1995) 1926 – Petr Sgall, linguist († May 28, 2019) 1927 – Arnošt Sádlík, guitarist, lutenist and music teacher († August 21, 1998) 1929 – Zdeněk Fišer, Catholic writer, translator and philosopher († July 2, 2010) 1931 – Věroslav Neumann, music composer († November 28, 2006) 1933 – Jiří Polák, political scientist, translator, writer 1938 – Lubor Dohnal, playwright and screenwriter 1942 – Pavel Jansa, doctor and writer 1943 – Luděk Sobota, comedian 1944 – Alex Koenigsmark, writer