July 31st

Article

August 14, 2022

July 31 is the 212th day of the year according to the Gregorian calendar (213th in a leap year). There are 153 days left until the end of the year.

Events

Czechia

1247 – An unsuccessful rebellion of the Czech nobility broke out against King Wenceslas I. 1459 – Jiří from Poděbrady was awarded in Brno by Emperor Frederick III. Czech kingdom in fiefdom. 1619 – The Czech Confederation was approved, a new constitution applicable to the lands of the Czech Crown. 1920 – Act 450/1920 Coll. Valtice, the Dyjský triangle and part of Vitorazsk were annexed to Czechoslovakia. 1945 – 27 people died in the explosion of an ammunition warehouse in Ústí nad Labem. During the subsequent lynching of German residents, several dozen more people died. 2015 – About 60 people in the facility for foreign migrants in Běla pod Bezdězem rebelled and destroyed the facility's equipment after a meeting with the Minister of the Interior, Milan Chovanec.

World

1009 – Sergius IV became Pope. 1919 – The Weimar Constitution was approved. 1932 – The National Socialist German Workers' Party won the German parliamentary election with 37.27% of the vote. 1954 – An Italian expedition made the first ascent of the second highest mountain in the world, K2.

Birth

See also Category:Births on July 31 — auto-alphabetical list.

Czechia

1792 – Josef Höchsmann, Moravian theologian († June 4, 1859) 1819 Ignác Axamit, mathematician and physicist († 1904) Daniel Bohumil Molnár, Lutheran pastor and theologian († September 13, 1889) 1830 – František Zdeněk Skuherský, music composer, pedagogue and theorist († August 19, 1892) 1844 – Hynek Pelc, physician, health care organizer († August 9, 1915) 1853 – Teréza Nováková, writer († November 13, 1912) 1854 – Renáta Tyršová, art historian and art critic, ethnographer († February 22, 1937) 1857 – Josef Taschek, Czechoslovak politician of German nationality († January 29, 1939) 1872 – Břetislav Rérych, regional ethnographer and historian († October 14, 1936) 1873 – Vojtěch Preissig, graphic artist, painter, illustrator, participant in the anti-Austrian and anti-Nazi resistance († June 11, 1944) 1880 – Kamil Fiala, physician, literary critic and translator (died November 23, 1930) 1881 – Lída Sudová, actress (d. March 6, 1971) 1886 – Zdenka Gräfová, actress (d. August 22, 1976) 1890 – František Roubík, historian († May 5, 1974) 1893 – Bohuslav Ečer, judge of the International Court of Justice († March 14, 1954) 1901 Jiří Slavíček, film editor, screenwriter and director († August 18, 1957) Jaroslav Pušbauer, hockey defenseman († June 6, 1976) Rudolf Slánský, communist politician, long-time member of the Central Committee of the Communist Party and general secretary of the Communist Party († December 3, 1952) 1910 – Václav Jírů, photographer and editor († June 28, 1980) 1914 Emanuel Baláš, ethnographer († February 6, 1966) Heřman Josef Tyl, abbot of Teplá Monastery († December 10, 1993) 1917 – Jaroslav Kotásek, soldier and member of the Spelter air force († June 16, 1944) 1919 – Jan Křížek (painter), Czech-French artist († February 9, 1985) 1920 – Jiří Vršťala, actor († June 10, 1999) 1921 – Radim Servít, professor at CTU († November 24, 1984) 1930 Drahomíra Vihanová, film director and screenwriter († December 10, 2017) Vladimír Vonka, virologist Radana Königová, doctor in the field of burn medicine († September 20, 2013) 1942 – Jan Zbavitel, conductor and teacher 1945 – Tomáš Vačkář, music composer († May 2, 1963) 1947 – Miloň Terč, cameraman 1949 – Boleslav Polívka, actor and comedian, "King of Wallachia" 1950 – Stanislav Kozák, politician 1951 – Otakar Vychodil, entrepreneur, system analyst and former politician 1953 Vladimír Dlouhý, economist and politician Marie Součková, Minister of Health of the Czech Republic 1955 – Pavel Boček, historian 1959 – Václav Štěpánek,