August 5

Article

August 14, 2022

August 5 is the 217th day of the year according to the Gregorian calendar (218th in a leap year). There are 148 days left until the end of the year. The holiday is celebrated by Kristián, Křišťan and Milivoj.

Events

Czechia

1619 – Thirty Years' War: the army of the Czech estates won over the imperial army in the battle of Dolní Věstony. 1646 – Ferdinand IV. was crowned king of Bohemia. 1947 – Eighteen Czechoslovaks were defeated by a stronger group of people from Bandera in the so-called Battle of Partizanska Ľupča.

World

1716 – Ottoman-Habsburg Wars: the imperial army led by Prince Eugene of Savoy defeats the Ottoman army at the Battle of Petrovaradin. 1772 – On the basis of a treaty between Prussia, Russia and Austria, the first division of Poland took place. 1796 – Italian Campaigns of the French Revolutionary Wars: Napoleon Bonaparte's troops defeat the Habsburg Imperial Army at the Battle of Castiglione. 1884 – The foundation stone for the construction of the Statue of Liberty was laid in New York. 1888 – Bertha Benz was the first female car driver to drive the 106 km long journey from Mannheim to Pforzheim. 1944 SS units began a three-day massacre in the Warsaw district of Wola, during which tens of thousands of residents perished. The Zośka Battalion, an elite unit of the Warsaw insurgents, captured the Gęsiówka concentration camp in a surprise attack and freed 383 prisoners, including 348 Jews. 1947 – 19 people died in a railway accident in Sekule, Slovakia. 1960 – The Republic of Upper Volta declared independence from France. 1962 South African police arrested Nelson Mandela and he remained imprisoned for 28 years. Marilyn Monroe was found dead in her home in Los Angeles. 1964 – Vietnam War: In response to the Gulf of Tonkin incident, the US military conducts Operation Pierce Arrow, in which it conducts 64 air strikes on North Vietnamese ports. 1973 – The Soviet probe Mars 6 took off from the Baikonur Cosmodrome. 1995 - During Operation Oluja ("Storm"), the Croatian army captured Knin, the capital of the separatist Republic of Serbian Krajina. 2010 – A mining accident in Chile trapped 33 miners underground for 70 days.

Birth

See also Category:Births on August 5 — automatic alphabetical list.

Czechia

1841 – Eduard Orel, Austrian officer and polar explorer († February 5, 1892) 1866 – Hugo Salus, Prague-based writer and poet (d. February 4, 1929) 1869 – František Jiří Mach, music teacher and composer († December 10, 1952) 1874 – Hynek Albrecht, amateur entomologist († 1933) 1900 – Adolf Procházka, lawyer, politician, Minister of Health († May 8, 1970) 1903 – Arnošt Okáč, analytical chemist († September 24, 1980) 1906 – František Svoboda, footballer († July 6, 1948) 1909 – Adolf Šimperský, football representative († February 15, 1964) 1910 – Jan Vanýsek, ophthalmologist († September 14, 1995) 1925 – František Harant, mathematician († May 13, 1985) 1930 Karel Odstrčil, music composer († May 21, 1997) Vladimír Vavřínek, historian 1933 – Ludvík Kolek, architect, sculptor and painter († May 27, 2021) 1935 – Antonín Hardt, actor 1939 – Jiřina Hanušová, columnist and psychotherapist († October 22, 1999) 1940 – Drahomíra Pithartová, columnist and writer 1941 Petr Urbanek, poet and columnist († November 23, 2001) Boris Hybner, mime, actor, director, screenwriter († April 3, 2016) 1945 – Miroslav Štěpán, politician of the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia († March 23, 2014) 1948 – Josef Kovalčuk, theater dramaturg, screenwriter and teacher († June 30, 2018) 1960 Tomáš Hoskovec, linguist Vladimír Šlechta, writer, science fiction 1981 – Jana Plodková, actress

World

1103 – William Aetheling, only son and heir of King Henry I of England (d. November 25, 1120) 1199 – Ferdinand III. of Castile, King of Le�