August 7

Article

August 14, 2022

August 7 is the 219th day of the year according to the Gregorian calendar (220th in a leap year). There are 146 days left until the end of the year.

Events

Czechia

1872 – Convicted whistleblower and police collaborator Karel Sabina was forced to leave Prague and moved to Dresden. 1877 – Královské Vinohrady is renamed Žižkov. 1901 – A narrow-gauge electric tram started operating between Most and Litvínov. 1936 – Premiere of the Czech musical film Na tý louce zelený, directed by Karel Lamač. It is a filmed operetta by Jára Beneš with Věra Ferbasová and Jára Kohout in the lead roles. 1938 – The first Peace Lišeň festival in Brno, organized by communists on the Soviet model with great pomp, kitsch and political slogans, attracted visitors to today's Mariánské údolí. Klement Gottwald delivered the main speech. 1945 – Former Minister of State for the Protectorate K.H. Frank was secretly transferred to Prague from American captivity. His transfer was announced in a secret code in a radio broadcast by Radio Luxembourg. On May 21, 1946, the National Court sentenced him to death. The sentence was carried out in the Pankrák prison the following day. 2002 – The most destructive flood in modern Czech history began. 2010 – One of the most destructive floods in northern Bohemia began.

World

0626 – Roman-Persian Wars: after the Byzantines managed to repel the combined forces of the Avars, Slavs and Persians, the first siege of Constantinople ended. 0936 – Otto I the Great crowned German king in Aachen. 1620 – Battle of Ponts-de-Cé, also known as the Games at Ponts-de-Cé, for the ease with which the army under the command of Louis XIII defeated an army of rebels paid by his mother Maria Medici and a group of rebellious nobles 1679 – French explorer René Robert Cavelier de La Salle reached Niagara Falls. 1714 – Northern War: the Russian fleet defeats the Swedish fleet at the Battle of Gangut. 1819 - In the struggle for independence: Simón Bolívar's army defeated the Spanish royalist army at the Battle of Boyacá. Bolivar proclaimed the new state of Gran Colombia, which occupies practically the entire north of South America 1909 - Alice Huyler Ramsey and 3 friends became the first women to complete a 59-day automobile drive across the United States. They set off from New York City to San Francisco, California. 1942 - World War II: American forces land on Guadalcanal in the Solomon Islands and occupy an airfield that the Japanese have painstakingly built there. The Battle of Guadalcanal begins, which ended on February 7, 1943 with a US victory, in which 24,000 Japanese and 1,600 Americans died. 1943 – World War II: The Red Army launched an attack on Smolensk – Operation Suvorov. The army occupied and liberated Belgorod. 1961 – Soviet cosmonaut German Titov was the second Soviet in space aboard Vostok 2 and the first person to spend more than a day in space. He circled the Earth seventeen times in 25 and a half hours. 1974 - French tightrope walker Philippe Petit walked a tightrope between the Twin Towers of the World Trade Center, of course without the knowledge of government and city authorities. 1976 – Viking Program: The Viking 2 probe entered orbit around Mars. 1998 - Bomb attack on the US embassies in Nairobi, Kenya and Dar es Salaam claimed 220 lives, Al-Qaeda claimed responsibility for the attack 2008 - The start of the Russo-Georgian war: Georgia occupied the newly declared republic of South Ossetia, which is supported by Russia, with its army.

Birth

See also Category:Births on August 7 — automatic alphabetical list.

Czechia

1800 – Josef Krasoslav Chmelenský, Renaissance poet († January 2, 1839) 1853 – Justin Václav Prášek, historian, orientalist († December 23, 1924) 1859 -