June 8

Article

July 5, 2022

June 8 is the 159th day of the year according to the Gregorian calendar (160th in a leap year). There are 206 days left until the end of the year. Medard has a holiday.

Events

Czechia

1216 – the Diet in Prague abolished the so-called Elder Law from the time of Břetislav I and introduced the right of primogeniture, i.e. the right of the monarch's first-born son to the throne. 1860 – 53 miners died in a methane explosion at the František Mine in Brno. 1907 – The first permanent cinema in Brno - Empire Bio with 323 seats - opened on Náměstí Svobody. 1970 - Hijacking of a ČSA plane: A group of eight people with a child forced the crew of the Karlovy Vary - Prague flight to land in Nuremberg; Nobody was injured. 1972 - Hijacking of the Slovair plane: A group of 10 people trying to emigrate to West Germany shot the captain of the plane (Ján Mičica) on the route Mariánské Lázně - Prague and forced the second pilot to land in Weiden. 1992 – Václav Havel commissioned Václav Klaus to start negotiations with Vladimír Mečiar on forming a new government.

World

0793 – Vikings sack the monastery of Lindisfarne in northern England, marking the beginning of Viking raids into Western Europe. 1783 – A gigantic eight-month eruption of the Icelandic volcano Laki began, which caused directly and indirectly (through the subsequent famine) the death of a quarter of the island's population and significant cooling in the entire northern hemisphere. 1815 – The German Confederation was established at the Congress of Vienna, a free association of 34 German states and 4 free cities. 1867 – Franz Joseph I's wife Elizabeth of Bavaria was crowned Queen of Hungary in Buda 1940 – World War II, Operation Weserübung: The German battlecruisers Scharnhorst and Gneisenau overtake and sink the British aircraft carrier HMS Glorious and her escort. 1941 – World War II: British Operation Exporter begins against the Vichy in the Levant. The 11th Czechoslovak Infantry Battalion also took part in the fighting. 1949 – The novel 1984 by English writer George Orwell is published. 1989 – The last execution in Czechoslovakia was carried out in Bratislava. The murderer Štefan Svitek was executed.

Birth

Czechia

1734 – Jan Antonín Otto Minquitz from Minquitzburg, Olomouc canon and rector of the university († February 12, 1812) 1797 – Václav Josef Rosenkranz, Renaissance music composer († December 3, 1861) 1812 – Heinrich Wilhelm Ernst, Moravian violinist († October 8, 1865) 1827 – Alois Gallat, playwright and writer (died September 7, 1901) 1847 – Marie Horská-Kallmünzerová, actress († 30 August 1917) 1873 – Edward Babák, physiologist, rector of Masaryk University in Brno († May 30, 1926) 1876 ​​– Jan Honsa, painter and graphic artist (died September 9, 1937) 1877 – Vojtěch Zapletal, priest and music composer († September 26, 1957) 1884 – Ladislav Prokeš, chess master († January 9, 1966) 1889 – Josef Lukl Hromádka, Protestant philosopher and theologian († December 26, 1969) 1893 Miroslav Plesinger-Božinov, legionnaire and diplomat († January 17, 1963) Marie Pujmanová, writer († May 19, 1958) 1894 – Ervín Schulhoff, German-Czech composer and pianist (d. August 18, 1942) 1896 – Jaroslav Volf, Kladno stone sculptor († April 6, 1977) 1905 – Hana Klenková, author of prose for young people and adults, translator from English and columnist († November 8, 1992) 1907 Jaroslav Kožešník, Chairman of the Czechoslovak Academy of Sciences and Politics († June 26, 1985) Stanislav Vrbik, organist, composer, writer, poet and teacher († September 2, 1987) 1922 – Petr Nevod, economist and writer († April 16, 1989) 1923 Milan Klusák, diplomat, minister of culture († November 19, 1992) Josef Vlach, violinist and conductor († 17 October 1988) 1924 – Josef Bláha, actor (d. December 6, 1994) 1926 – Dušan Cvek, doctor and poet († May 26, 2013) 1927 Alena Málková-Vimrov