May 8

Article

May 28, 2022

May 8 is the 128th day of the year according to the Gregorian calendar (129th in the leap year). 237 days left until the end of the year. In the Czech Republic, May 8 is Victory Day and a national holiday.

Events

Česko

1394 - A group of Czech nobles led by the Moravian Margrave Jošt imprisoned King Wenceslas IV. 1431 - An agreement was concluded in Cheb between the Hussites and envoys of the Basel Council on how to resolve the dispute. It was a great success for the Hussites, as they demanded the right to defend their teachings freely before the highest representatives of the Church. 1844 - At the request of the citizens, Královo Pole was promoted to a township. Until 1850, the village was headed by a mayor appointed by the nobility. 1850 - Karel Havlíček Borovský started publishing the Slovan magazine in Kutná Hora. 1919 - The Carpathian Central National Council declares the annexation of Subcarpathian Russia to Czechoslovakia. 1928 - Premiere of the second play V + W Smoking revue at the Liberated Theater 1945 Prague Uprising: An armistice was agreed between the rebels and German troops in Prague. The Germans managed to occupy the outskirts of Prague during the morning and the Prague Uprising was very endangered. At the crucial moment, the Czechs were significantly helped by the Vlasov family - members of the so-called Russian Liberation Army of General Vlasov, which was trying to fight against the Stalinist regime. Red Army tank units liberated the Jewish ghetto and the Gestapo prison in Terezín. Tragic was the erroneous attack of the Soviet Air Force on the village of Hrotovice in the Třebíč region. 1946 - The Act on the Legality of Negotiations Related to the Struggle for the Restoration of the Freedom of Czechs and Slovaks is passed. 1953 - Monument of National Literature opened in Strahov. 1991 - On the night in the Benešov region, the so-called Benešov fire fell with a brightness of -19.5 magnitude. Part of it was found in April 2011. 2008 - The metro in Prague was extended by 4.6 kilometers and three stations on line C. The metro does not end at Ládví, but continues via Střížkov, Prosek to Letňany. 2010 - President Klaus appoints the caretaker government of Jan Fischer. During the presidency of the European Union, the Chamber of Deputies expressed no confidence in the previous government of Mirek Topolánek, and the government had to resign.

World

1360 - Peace of Brétigny between the English and the French - Edward III. he received Aquitaine and renounced the claim of the French crown. 1429 - Siege of Orleans: The French army, led by Joan of Arc, defeats the English siege and enters liberated Orleans, ushering in a decisive turn in the Hundred Years' War. 1886 - Pharmacist John Pemberton launches a "effervescent drug" against the Coca-Cola hangover in Atlanta. 1902 - The Mont Pelée volcano erupts, destroying the town of Saint-Pierre on Martinique. 1912 - Paramount Pictures, an American film studio, is founded in Hollywood, California. 1945 - Karl Dönitz issues a radio order ordering the unconditional surrender of all armed German troops. 1950 - General Chiang Kai-shek asks the United States for weapons to fight the People's Republic of China. 1978 - First climb to Mount Everest without supplemental oxygen, Reinhold Messner and Peter Habeler. 2018 - The United States unilaterally withdraws from its agreement on Iran's nuclear program.

Birth

Česko

1620 - Johann Kunsch von Breitenwald, Protestant preacher and theologian († November 9, 1681) 1742 - John the Baptist Krumpholtz, harpist and composer († 19 February 1790) 1752 - Johann Josef Nehr, monastery physician and founder of Mariánské Lázně as a spa town († September 13, 1820) 1806 - Jan Bedřich Kittl, Czech composer († July 20, 1868) 1811 - Jan Nepomuk Řehák, canon of the Cathedral Chapter at st. Štěpán in Litoměřice († May 18, 1901) 1823 - Ignác Schiebl, Czech businessman, journalist and politician († March 2, 1901) 1840 - Francis